is a 1963 Canadian 21-87 abstract collage film created by Arthur Lipsett that lasts 9 minutes and 33 seconds.
short film, produced by the National Film Board of Canada, is a collage of snippets from discarded footage found by Lipsett in the editing room of the National Film Board (where he was employed as an animator), combined with his own black and white 16mm footage which he shot on the streets of Montreal and New York City, among other locations.
Influence [ edit ]
21-87 has had a profound influence on director George Lucas and sound designer/editor Walter Murch. Lucas's aesthetic and style was strongly influenced by it for the films and a number of other works, including Star Wars and his American Graffiti pure cinema short films , 6-18-67 , 1:42.08 , his short film Look at Life and the feature it inspired, Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB . Lucas never met Arthur Lipsett, who committed suicide in 1986, but tributes to THX 1138 21-87 appear in Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB, which is dated as taking place on '05-14-2187' and throughout [1 ] Star Wars: the phrase, " The Force" itself is said to have been inspired by the short film; [2 ] and in [3 ] , Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope Princess Leia's prison cell on the Death Star is numbered 2187.
References [ edit ]
^ Lucas, George (Director) (1967). Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB (DVD [on the bonus disk accompanying THX 1138: The George Lucas Director's Cut]). USA: Warner Bros.
^ George Lucas interview with Wired Retrieved 22 December 2008
^ CBC article on SW Retrieved 22 December 2008
External links [ edit ]