85th Infantry Regiment (United States)

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85th Infantry Regiment
85 IR Coat Of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Active 1918
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Role Light Infantry
Size Regiment
Part of 10th Mountain Division
Motto "Fix Bayonets"
Colors blue
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 85 Inf Rgt DUI.png
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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The 85th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment in the United States Army.

History and lineage[edit]

The 85th Infantry was briefly activated during WWI but never sent overseas then reactivated during WWII at Camp Hale in 1942, with three battalions, and attached to the 10th Mountain Division.

Constituted 31 July 1918 in the Regular Army as the 85th Infantry and assigned to the 18th Infantry Division. Organized September 1918 at Camp Travis, Texas from personnel of the 35th Infantry. Relieved from the 18th Division and demoblized 13 February 1919 at Camp Travis.

Reconstituted 10 July 1943 in the Army of the United States as the 85th Infantry. activated 15 July 1943 at Camp Hale, Colorado. assigned to the 10th Mountain Division, 15 July 1943 Redesignated 85th Mountain Infantry and assigned to the 10th Mountain Division 6 November 1944. Inactivated 30 November 1945 at Camp Carson, Colorado. Redesignated 85th Infantry and assigned to 10th Infantry Division 18 June 1948, allotted to the regular Army 25 June 1948. Activated 1 July 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas. Inactivated 1 July 1957 in Germany.

The 3rd Battalion, 85th Infantry Regiment was reactivated at Fort Drum, NY on August 22nd, 2007 as the warrior transition unit for Fort Drum NY and the Northeastern United States.[1][2]

Campaign streamers[edit]

World War II

  • North Apennines
  • Po Valley

Medal of Honor[edit]

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • Description

A Silver color metal and enamel device 1 3/16 inches (3.02 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per fess dancetté Azure and Argent, in chief a ram’s head affronté of the second and in base a jack boot Vert. Attached below and to the sides of the shield a Blue scroll turned Silver inscribed “FIX BAYONETS” in Silver letters.

  • Symbolism

The blue is for Infantry and the ram’s head symbolizes a unit skilled in mountain activity. The white (silver) base with the dancetté partition line represents snow-capped mountains and the green boot is an allusion to service in Italy.

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 18 May 1951.

Coat of arms[edit]

Blazon

  • Shield- Per fess dancetté Azure and Argent, in chief a ram’s head affronté of the second and in base a jack boot Vert.
  • Crest- None.
  • Motto- FIX BAYONETS.

Symbolism

  • Shield- The blue is for Infantry and the ram’s head symbolizes a unit skilled in mountain activity. The white base with the dancetté partition line represents snow-capped mountains and the green boot is an allusion to service in Italy.
  • Crest: None.

Background- The coat of arms was approved on 18 May 1951.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Study shows disturbing trend for Fort Drum medical battalion, 2012
  2. ^ "New unit will manage warriors in transition". Mountaineer Online. Fort Drum Public Affairs Office. September 6, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2014.