85th Infantry Regiment (United States)
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|85th Infantry Regiment|
coat of arms
|Branch||Infantry Branch (United States)|
|Part of||10th Mountain Division|
|Distinctive Unit Insignia|
|U.S. Infantry Regiments|
|75th Infantry Regiment||86th Infantry Regiment|
The 85th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment in the United States Army.
History and lineage
Constituted 31 July 1918 in the Regular Army as the 85th Infantry and assigned to the 18th Infantry Division. Organized September 1918 at Camp Travis, Texas from personnel of the 35th Infantry. Relieved from the 18th Division and demoblized 13 February 1919 at Camp Travis.
Reconstituted 10 July 1943 in the Army of the United States as the 85th Infantry. activated 15 July 1943 at Camp Hale, Colorado. assigned to the 10th Mountain Division, 15 July 1943 Redesignated 85th Mountain Infantry and assigned to the 10th Mountain Division 6 November 1944. Inactivated 30 November 1945 at Camp Carson, Colorado. Redesignated 85th Infantry and assigned to 10th Infantry Division 18 June 1948, allotted to the regular Army 25 June 1948. Activated 1 July 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas. Inactivated 1 July 1957 in Germany.
World War II
- North Apennines
- Po Valley
Medal of Honor
Distinctive Unit Insignia
A Silver color metal and enamel device 1 3/16 inches (3.02 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per fess dancetté Azure and Argent, in chief a ram’s head affronté of the second and in base a jack boot Vert. Attached below and to the sides of the shield a Blue scroll turned Silver inscribed “FIX BAYONETS” in Silver letters.
The blue is for Infantry and the ram’s head symbolizes a unit skilled in mountain activity. The white (silver) base with the dancetté partition line represents snow-capped mountains and the green boot is an allusion to service in Italy.
The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 18 May 1951.
Coat of Arms
Per fess dancetté Azure and Argent, in chief a ram’s head affronté of the second and in base a jack boot Vert.
- Crest: None. Motto: FIX BAYONETS.
The blue is for Infantry and the ram’s head symbolizes a unit skilled in mountain activity. The white base with the dancetté partition line represents snow-capped mountains and the green boot is an allusion to service in Italy.
- Crest: None.
The coat of arms was approved on 18 May 1951.
- Chronology of the 10th Mountain Division in World War II