A Flowering Tree

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For the short story by A. K. Ramanujan, see A Flowering Tree: A Woman's Tale.

A Flowering Tree is an opera in two acts composed by John Adams with libretto by Adams and Peter Sellars, and commissioned by the New Crowned Hope Festival in Vienna, the San Francisco Symphony, the Barbican Centre in London, the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City, and the Berliner Philharmoniker.

The story is based on an ancient Indian folk tale of the same title with translations by Attipat Krishnaswami Ramanujan.[1] The opera resembles Mozart's The Magic Flute in some ways; both operas adapt folk tales, in this case one from southern India, "describing a young couple undergoing rituals and trials to discover the transfiguring power of love." This parallel was intended by the composer as the opera was commissioned to celebrate the 250th anniversary of Mozart’s birth.[2] It is set for a small cast of three singers (baritone for the narrator, tenor for the prince, and lyric soprano for Kamudha), a large chorus (SATB), and three dancers.

It premiered on 14 November 2006 in the MuseumsQuartier Hall in Vienna with Eric Owens as the narrator, Russell Thomas as the prince, Jessica Rivera as Kumudha, Orquesta Joven Camerata de Venezuela and the Schola Cantorum de Venezuela all under the direction of John Adams[3] in a production of Peter Sellars as part the New Crowned Hope Festival[4] celebrating the 250th birthday of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Performance history[edit]

Since its premiere, the opera has been performed in concert in Berlin, San Francisco and London. A Flowering Tree was given at Chicago Opera Theater during the Spring of 2008, and also at Suntory Hall in Tokyo, where the Japanese premiere was seen on 6 December 2008 with Naoto Otomo and Tokyo Symphony Orchestra & Chorus and with almost the same soloists at the premiere in Vienna, where Peter Sellars directed. It was performed once again in 2009 at Lincoln Center in New York, and in 2010, by the Gulbenkian Orchestra, led by Joana Carneiro and staged by Rui Horta.

In the summer of 2011 Joana Carneiro conducted a new production of A Flowering Tree for the Cincinnati Opera, with the trio of artists who originated these roles at the 2006 world premiere in Vienna.

A staged concert production (special effects supplied by SymphonyV.0.) took take place at The Woodruff Arts Center in June 2012 with the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus. Design and Stage Direction by James Alexander. Soloists, Jessica Rivera, Russell Thomas, and Eric Owens. Robert Spano conducted.

A new production will be produced by the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris, France, May 2014. Design and Stage Direction by Vishal Bhardwaj.

Synopsis[edit]

Kumudha, a beautiful young woman who comes from an impoverished family, is worried about her old and suffering mother. Kumudha discovers that she has the magical ability to transform herself into a flowering tree. With the help of her sisters, Kumudha turns herself into a tree with the intent that her sisters gather and sell the flowers from her branches. Her sisters gather the flowers off the tree and Kumudha returns to her human form. They sell the flowers in the local marketplace and return to their mother who receives the money with no explanation from her daughters.

Kumudha and her sisters decide to once again sell flowers and she transforms into a tree yet again. The transformation is witnessed by a young Prince who is concealed in a nearby tree. He is at once infatuated and disturbed by Kumudha's magic and beauty. He resolves to marry Kumudha and upon returning to the palace convinces his father, the King, to order Kumudha to be brought to the palace so that he can marry her.

Following their wedding the Prince becomes silent and sullen and, to the distress of Kumudha, the couple spends several nights without speaking or touching each other. The silence is finally broken when the Prince reveals he knows about Kumudha's magic and demands that she transform for him. Ashamed, Kumudha resists but eventually gives in.

Meanwhile, out of jealousy the Prince’s sister has spied on Kumudha and the prince witnessing her transformation. When the Prince leaves the next day she taunts Kumudha and commands her to transform for her wealthy young friends. Reluctantly, Kumudha agrees. In the midst of the ritual however, the princess and her friends lose interest and leave. By breaking the magical ritual Kumudha is stuck in an in-between state where she is not entirely tree or entirely human.

Now a hideous creature, Kumudha crawls into a gutter, where she is found by a wandering band of minstrels.

Upon returning to the court, the Prince discovers his wife is missing. When he does not find her he assumes that his arrogance has driven her away. Feeling guilt and remorse, the prince decides to become a wandering beggar and mute in order to punish himself.

After several years pass, the prince stumbles into the palace courtyard of a distant city where his sister is now a Queen. He is haggard and almost unrecognizable, but the Queen recognizes her brother and brings him into the palace where she bathes and feeds him. The prince, however, will not speak to her and is despondent.

In the town marketplace, several of the queen’s maids see the minstrel troupe and hear the beautiful singing of a freakish thing with neither hands nor feet. They bring this strange and misshapen torso to the palace and suggest that its beautiful singing might revive the Prince. Not knowing that this is Kumudha, the Queen orders her to be bathed and covered with scented oils and brought to the Prince’s bed.

Alone, Kumudha and Prince recognize one another. They are both overcome with grief and then with joy. He takes two pitchers of water and performs the old ceremony. Kumudha returns to her human form.

Orchestration[edit]

The score calls for piccolo, two flutes, two oboes, two English horns, soprano recorder, alto recorder, two clarinets, bass clarinet, bassoon, contrabassoon, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, two percussion, harp, celesta and strings.[5]

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ http://www.boosey.com/pages/opera/moredetails.asp?musicid=46243 accessed October 24, 2010
  2. ^ "Adams: A Flowering Tree to be premiered in Vienna". Retrieved 2007-04-01. [dead link]
  3. ^ ???
  4. ^ ???
  5. ^ "A Flowering Tree". Archived from the original on 29 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 

External links[edit]