Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam
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A number of the Kharijites met in Mecca and remembered the Battle of Nahrawan that was fought in 659 by the Caliphate under Ali and the Kharijites in Baghdad which resulted in Khariji defeat. One of the Kharijis said "If we just bought ourselves revenge for the honour of our deceased brothers". They agreed to assassinate three of the leaders of Islam: ibn Muljam was to kill Ali, and Alhujjaj Al Tamimi was to kill Muawiya, and Amr ibn Bakr Al Tamimi was to kill 'Amr ibn al-'Aas. The assassination attempts were to occur simultaneously as the three leaders came to lead the morning prayer (Faj'r) in their respective cities of Damascus, Fustat and Kufa. The method was to come out of the prayer ranks and strike the targets with a sword dipped in poison.
Assassination of Ali
Ibn Muljam assassinated Ali by striking Ali on the head on the morning of 19th Ramadan 40 AH, which would correspond to January 25/26, 661 CE, as Ali was performing Fajar Prayer in the Mosque of Kufa. Ali died on January 28, 661 CE (21 Ramadan 40 AH) due to exsanguination. Ibn Muljam was personally decapitated three days later by Ali's son Hasan, who then ordered Abu Jafar, an animal taxidermist to preserve Ibn Muljam's head which Hasan would store as a souvenir and had the rest of his body cremated