Abel Salazar

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For the Mexican actor and film director, see Abel Salazar (actor).
Not to be confused with António de Oliveira Salazar.
Abel Salazar
Abel Salazar.jpg
Monument to Abel Salazar
Born 19 July 1889
Guimarães, Portugal
Died December 29, 1946(1946-12-29) (aged 57)
Lisboa, Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Fields Medicine
Institutions Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Alma mater Surgical-Medical School of Porto

Abel de Lima Salazar (July 19, 1889, Guimarães - December 29, 1946, Lisbon), was a Portuguese physician, lecturer, researcher, writer and painter who worked and lived in Porto. He was the son of Adolfo Barroso Pereira Salazar (Guimarães, October 20, 1858 – Porto, January 1, 1941) and wife Adelaide da Luz da Silva e Lima (– Porto, October 3, 1929).

Founded in 1975, the Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar (in English Abel Salazar Biomedical Sciences Institute), a research center and biosciences school of the University of Porto, was named after him. He was an anti-fascist and his painting with his social references anticipates the neo-realist movement in the Portuguese painting. He was not related to António de Oliveira Salazar, the Portuguese dictator.

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