Abercastle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°57′28″N 5°07′22″W / 51.957914°N 5.122736°W / 51.957914; -5.122736

Abercastle
Welsh: Abercastell
Abercastle.JPG
Abercastle is located in Pembrokeshire
Abercastle
Abercastle
 Abercastle shown within Pembrokeshire
Principal area Pembrokeshire
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire

Abercastle (Welsh: Abercastell) is a village in the Welsh language speaking area of Pembrokeshire, south-west Wales. Abercastle has a working harbour which is managed by Abercastle Boat Owners Association. The harbour was the landing site of the first single handed atlantic sailing west to east in 1876 starting from Gloucester, Massachusetts by the Danish born fisherman, Alfred "Centennial" Johnson.[1]

History[edit]

Abercastle is an old trading harbour which exported local slate and grain, limestone, butter, honey, corn, and some coal. There are also the remains of nineteenth century limekilns.[2]

Alfred Johnson memorial[edit]

Alfred Johnson plaque

Alfred Johnson landed at Abercastle on Saturday, August 12, 1876 after sixty six days sailing from Gloucester Massachusetts, becoming the first person to make the single-handed Atlantic crossing.[3] Johnson, a Danish born fisherman used a small dory named 'Centennial'. managed an average pace of about 70 miles (110 km) a day, quite respectable for such a small boat in the open sea, and survived a gale which capsized the boat.[3]

A plaque made of Welsh Slate is located on the quay wall near the slipway and was unveiled by Alfred Johnson's grandson, Charlie Dickman on October 17, 2003.[3] Local author Rob Morris has also written a book about the crossing called Alfred "Centennial" Johnson.[3] St Davids poet Tony Davies also dedicated the following to Alfred Johnson:

Sixty six days, three thousand miles,
Record breaking, Abercastle smiles,
Liverpool, trip complete,
The courage of Captain Johnson and Centennial’s feat.[3]

Carreg Samson[edit]

Main article: Carreg Samson
Carreg Samson Abercastle

Carreg Samson, also known as 'Carreg Sampson', Samson's Stone and the 'Longhouse' is a 5000 year old Neolithic Burial Chamber and the site of over 1000 burials. Located half a mile west of the Abercastle near the Pembrokeshire Coast Path, it has a cap stone 15 feet long and 9 feet wide supported on three of the seven upright stones. It is thought to have been a portal dolmen and was built over a pit.[4] It is called 'Samson' because of a local legend that Samson placed it in position with his little finger.[5] The whole burial chamber was once covered by a mound of earth or stones and once these were removed stones were used to block the holes in the sides of the tomb so that it could be used as a shelter for sheep.[6] Excavations in 1968 found an early Neolithic bowl.[7]

Facilities[edit]

With the harbour facing north-west, it is sheltered from south-westerly gales and so provides a safe haven for the local fishing fleet. There is a public telephone and free parking for a small number of cars. The slipway goes to soft sand and is not suitable for non off road vehicles.[8] The coastal bus “The Strumble Shuttle” calls at Abercastle.

Activities[edit]

Fishing boats at Abercastle

Popular for fishing and diving, there are also several recorded climbing sites in the area although they are suitable for group use. The harbour is also a good launching site for sea kayaking. The coastal path that follows the coast of Pembrokeshire also passes through Abercastle, and is popular with tourists and local walking groups.

Shipwreck[edit]

The 3800 ton wreck of the Leysian lies on the west side of the harbour, about 50m from the cliffs. As it is at a depth of around 15m the wreck is popular with divers who report lots of wreckage, and a large range of fish, including a large Pollack which lives in the wreck. A small shark has also been reported nearby.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, Robert (October 2003). Alfred Centennial Johnson: The Story of the First Solo Atlantic Crossing from West to East in 1876. Y Crofft. ISBN 978-0-9547351-0-4. 
  2. ^ "Abercastle". Archived from the original on 28 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Morris, Rob. "Alfred "Centennial" Johnson". Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  4. ^ "Carreg Samson". Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  5. ^ "Carreg Samson". Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  6. ^ "Carreg Samson". Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  7. ^ "Celia Haddon Standing Stones". Archived from the original on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  8. ^ "Abercastle". Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  9. ^ "Dive Pembrokeshire". Retrieved 2009-11-10. 

External links[edit]