Abgar VIII of Edessa, also known as Abgar the Great, was an Assyrian/Syriac king of Osroene. It was maintained also that Abgar the Great should be regarded as Abgar IX, however, according to A. R. Bellinger and C. B. Welles, the assertion is incorrect.
Upon his death in 212 AD, Abgar the Great was succeeded by his son Abgar IX surnamed Severus in contemporary Roman fashion. Though Abgar Severus was summoned with his son to Rome in 213 AD and murdered at the orders of Caracalla. A year later Caracalla ended the independence of Osroene and incorporated it as a province into Roman Empire.
- Segal, J.B. (2005). Edessa: The Blessed City. Gorgias Press LLC. p. 14. ISBN 1-59333-193-2.
- Ball, Warwick (2000). Rome in the East: The Transformation of an Empire. Routledge. p. 91. ISBN 0-415-11376-8.
- Shahid, Irfan (1984). Rome and the Arabs: A Prolegomenon to the Study of Byzantium and the Arabs. Dumbarton Oaks. p. 47. ISBN 0-88402-115-7.
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