Abraham González (governor)

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Governor Abraham González

Abraham González Casavantes (June 7, 1864 – March 7, 1913) was the provisional and constitutional governor of the Mexican state of Chihuahua during the early period of the Mexican Revolution. He was the political mentor to the revolutionary Pancho Villa, whom he had met and befriended before the revolution.

Family[edit]

González was born on his family's estates in Basúchil, in Guerrero Municipality, Chihuahua.[1] He was a member of one of the richest and best-educated families in the state[2] (the González family was believed to be descended from European nobility). He was educated at the University of Notre Dame, in Notre Dame, Indiana.[3]

His paternal line is from Teocaltiche, Jalisco belonging to the González de Hermosillo y Gómez Rendón family [4] with Y-DNA matches with other González de Hermosillo families of Jalisco. [5]

Political career[edit]

He was one of the main leaders of the Maderista Junta Revolucionaria Mexicana, the movement which opposed the re-election of dictator Porfirio Díaz in 1910.[6]

During the early phases of the Revolution, González was appointed provisional governor of the State of Chihuahua on October 1910 by Francisco Madero. After the success of the Madero revolution, González was appointed interim governor in June 1911 pending elections. He was elected governor in his own right in August 1911.[6]

In October 1911, González obtained a leave of absence, approved by the Chihuahua legislature, from the office of governor so that he could serve on Madero’s cabinet in Mexico City. On November 6, 1911 he was sworn in as the Minister of Internal Affairs (Secretaría de Gobernación). He served in this capacity until February 1912, when he returned to Chihuahua and served as governor of the state until his death.[6]

The funeral organised by Villa and filmed (by arrangement with Villa) by the Mutual Film Company

Death[edit]

After the assassination of President Francisco I. Madero and Vice-President José María Pino during La decena trágica, he was forced to resign from his post as governor and arrested on February 25, 1913, on orders of General Antonio Rábago, a subordinate of the dictator Victoriano Huerta. During his incarceration, he was held in the same complex in the Federal Palace of Chihuahua that had housed Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla prior to his execution a century before, during the war for Mexico's independence.[1] On 7 March, he was taken aboard a train on the pretense of being transferred to Mexico City, but was then removed from the train and murdered in Bachimba Canyon, about 40 miles (65 km) south of Chihuahua, Chihuahua on direct orders from Huerta.,[7] who had been responsible for ordering the murders of Madero and Pino Suárez in order to assume power.

His nephew, Colonel Fernando González y González and Pancho Villa later recovered González's remains and gave him a hero's funeral in the city of Chihuahua. He is buried in the Rotunda of Illustrious Chihuahuans under the Angel of Liberty monument in the Plaza Mayor in Chihuahua City.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Martinez, Irene Brandtner y Nava (2008) "Chihuahua Governor Abraham González, a Descendant of New Mexicans" La Herencia 58: p. 34
  2. ^ Staff (7 March 2008) "XCV Aniversario Luctuoso de Abraham González" El Ágora, in Spanish
  3. ^ "Biographical Files - Notre Dame Alumni". Notre Dame Archives. University of Notre Dame. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  4. ^ "Abraham González Casavantes" Sanchiz (IIH-UNAM) + Gayol (CEH-ColMich)
  5. ^ "Nueva Galicia DNA project"
  6. ^ a b c Beezley, William H. (1973) Insurgent governor: Abraham Gonzalez and the Mexican Revolution in Chihuahua University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, ISBN 0-8032-0821-9
  7. ^ a b Abraham González Casavantes, accessed November 2010

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Miguel Ahumada
Governor of Chihuahua
1911 - 1913
Succeeded by
Antonio Rábago