Senegalia chundra

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Senegalia chundra
Acaciachundra.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Senegalia
Species: S. chundra
Binomial name
Senegalia chundra
(Roxb. ex Rottler) Maslin
Acacia-chundra-range-map.png
Range of Senegalia chundra
Synonyms[1]
  • Acacia catechu (Rottler) Willd.
  • Acacia catechu auct. non Willd.
  • Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. var. sundra (Roxb.) Prain
  • Acacia sundra (Roxb.) DC.
  • Mimosa chundra Rottler

Senegalia chundra is a perennial, deciduous tree found in Asia, India and in the Indian Ocean area. It grows 12 m to 15 m in height.[2]

Common names for it include Karangali, Kodalimurunkai, Lal Khair, Lal Khair, Rat Kihiriya and Red Cutch.

Its uses include chemical and wood products.

Uses[edit]

The wood is used for certain applications in shipbuilding.[3] The tree is used for timber, for cutch (catechutannic acid)[4] from its wood and for tannin. It is also used as food for bees.[5] It is a preferred nesting site for the Scaly-breasted Munia.

Kheersal is found as a white substance in the tree's wood. Cutch is sought after commercially as a dye and to preserve fabrics from weather, mildew and marine exposure.[4]

Conservation[edit]

S. chundra is "moderately threatened" and in India it is now necessary to get a permit before cutting this tree down.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS)
  2. ^ Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education
  3. ^ FAO
  4. ^ a b Cutch and Katha
  5. ^ Sources of Bee Forage in India
  6. ^ Biodiversity Information System Plants of Western Ghats