Adriaen Matham (1590–1660) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, engraver and art dealer.
He was born in Haarlem as the son of the engraver Jacob Matham and his wife Marijtgen or Maria van Poelenburgh. He was the brother of the engravers Jan and Theodor Matham, and became a member of the Haarlem St. Adriaen civic guard in 1618. In 1620 he engraved a series of prints on the Counts of Holland that were only published after his death in 1663. He was painted by Frans Hals in his role as flag-bearer of the guard in 1627. He made drawings after Hals' paintings, most notably his sketch of a portrait of Isaac Massa, a merchant on Russia, and his sketch of Pieter van den Broecke. Matham married three times; once in Amsterdam.
In 1640 Matham was a member of a Dutch embassy to the king of Morocco, Mohammed esh Sheikh es Seghir, led by Antonius de Liedekerke. They were received by Jan Janszoon, a notorious pirate, who was visited by his daughter Lysbeth and her husband. Then the embassy visited the king in Marrakesh.
Adriaen Matham made a famous drawing and an engraving of the El Badi Palace, before it was destroyed. He also visited the harbour of Mogador in 1641, where he noted the presence of Jews, who were trading with the Netherlands and England. He made many sketches of fish that he saw on his travels. On his return journey to the Netherlands, he visited Madeira, with the crew of another ship on board, who had been kept in Morocco as slaves.
Titlepage of the Counts of Holland series (based on earlier work by Philips Galle and probably as a tribute, showing Galle's "Maiden Holland" at the top, 1663
Temptress woman, devil, alchemist, by Adriaen Matham
- Voyage dʹAdrien Matham au Maroc (1640-1641) by Adriaen Matham (compiled in French by Ferdinand de Hellwald).
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- Adriaen Matham in the RKD
- Marrakesh: The Secret of Courtyard Houses Quentin Wilbaux p.95ff
- Nederlandsche spectator: weekblad van den ouden heer Smits
- A History of the Jews in North Africa Haim Zeev Hirschberg, Eliezer Bashan, Robert Attal p.235
- Middle East garden traditions: unity and diversity by Michel Conan, Dumbarton Oaks p.105
- Geschiedkundige aanteekeningen over Haarlemsche schilders en andere by Adriaan Pz van der Willigen
- Kunstkronijk: uitg. ter aanmoediging en verspreiding der schoone kunsten
- Darke hierogliphicks by Stanton J. Linden p.50