Against Apion

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Against Apion (Greek: Φλαΐου Ἰωσήπου περὶ ἀρχαιότητος Ἰουδαίων λόγος α and Φλαΐου Ἰωσήπου περὶ ἀρχαιότητος ἀντιρρητικὸς λόγος β; Latin Contra Apionem or In Apionem) was a polemical work written by Flavius Josephus as a defense of Judaism as a classical religion and philosophy, stressing its antiquity against what he perceived as more recent traditions of the Greeks. Against Apion cites Josephus' earlier work Antiquities of the Jews, so can be dated after C.E. 94. It was most likely written in the early second century.[1]

Text[edit]

Against Apion 1:8 also defines which books Josephus viewed as being in the Jewish Scriptures:

In the second book, Josephus defends the historicity of the Jewish Bible against accusations made by Apion (who Josephus states is not Greek), arguing that Apion in fact rehashes material of Manetho's, though there was apparently some confusion between Manetho's references to the Hyksos and the Hebrews.[clarification needed]

Josephus on Apion's blood libel (Against Apion 2:8):

Editions[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Tessa Rajak, The Jewish Dialogue With Greece and Rome: Studies in Cultural and Social Interaction, Brill, 2002, chapter 11.

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