Al Qasimi

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The Al Qasimi (Al Qassimi; plural: Al Qawasem القواسم) are one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates and rule two of the seven emirates: Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah.

History[edit]

The dynasty claim to be descended from the Prophet Muhammad.[1] After the dissolution of the Yaruba dynasty in the first half of the 18th century AH, the Al Qassimi dynasty began their leadership and formed a large emirate of Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Lengeh.

The Al Qawasem, based at Ras al-Khaimah, emerged as a major maritime power during the eighteenth century. They ruled some of the shores and islands of Persia, like Bandar Lengeh, that were opposite to today's U.A.E in different eras between (1800—1890). Their control of trade in the Persian Gulf area led to conflict with Oman and eventually with Britain. In 1819, the British defeated Al Qawasem after several naval battles. The Qawasim were also principal leaders of the Persian Gulf pirates from the early 18th century.[2]

It is believed that one of the Al Qassimi dynasty's ancestors known as Qasim I came to Julfar in the seventeenth century and made it the dynasty's capital. Today, two branches of the Al Qasimi royal family rule the Emirates of Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates. Each Emirate is ruled by an emir (colloquially called "sheikh" as with other emirs in the region).

The Al Qassimi rulers of Sharjah and Ras Al-Khaimah[edit]

  1. Sheikh Rahma bin Matar Al Qassimi (1727 - 1760)
  2. Sheikh Rashid bin Matar Al Qassimi (1760 - 1777)
  3. Sheikh Saqer bin Rashid Al Qassimi (1777 - 1803)

List of Ras Al-Khaimah rulers[edit]

Ae rak-escudo.png

  1. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (1803 - 1808)-first time ruling
  2. Sheikh Hassan bin Ali (1808 - 1814)
  3. Sheikh Hassan bin Rahma (1814 - 1820)
  4. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (1820 - 1866)-second time ruling
  5. Sheikh Ibrahim bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1866 - May 1867)
  6. Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi (May 1867 - April 14, 1868)
  7. Sheikh Salem bin Sultan Al Qasimi (April 14, 1868 - 1869)
  8. Sheikh Humaid bin Abdullah Al Qasimi (1869 - August 1900)
  9. Sheikh Sultan bin Salem Al Qasimi (July 10, 1921 - February 1948)
  10. Sheikh Saqer bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (February 1948 - October 27, 2010)
  11. Sheikh Saud bin Saqer Al Qasimi (October 27, 2010 – present)

List of Sharjah rulers[edit]

Ae sharjah-escudo.png

  1. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (1803 - 1808)-first time ruling
  2. Sheikh Saqer bin Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (1840)
  3. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (1820 - 1866)-second time ruling
  4. Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1866 - April 14, 1868)
  5. Sheikh Salem bin Sultan Al Qasimi (April 14, 1868 - March 1883)
  6. Sheikh Ibrahim bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1869 - 1871)
  7. Sheikh Saqer bin Khalid Al Qasimi (March 1883 - 1914)
  8. Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed Al Qasimi (April 13, 1914 - November 21, 1924)
  9. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (November 21, 1924 - 1951)
  10. Sheikh Mohammed bin Saqer Al Qasimi ( 1951- May 1951)
  11. Sheikh Saqer bin Sultan Al Qasimi (May 1951 - June 24, 1965) - first time ruling
  12. Sheikh Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (June 24, 1965 - January 24, 1972)
  13. Sheikh Saqer bin Sultan Al Qasimi (January 25, 1972 - 1972) - second time ruling
  14. Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (1972 - June 17, 1987) - first time ruling
  15. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (June 17–23, 1987)
  16. Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (June 23, 1987 – present) -second time ruling

Current Al Qasimi rulers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "al-Qawāsim." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 18 Aug. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/485651/al-Qawasim>.
  3. ^ Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah dies