Napier in 1949
|Born||Alan William Napier-Clavering
7 January 1903
King's Norton, Worcestershire, England, UK
|Died||8 August 1988
Santa Monica, California, US
Cause of death
|Chapel of the Pines Crematory, CA|
|Alma mater||Royal Academy of Dramatic Art|
|Height||6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)|
Emily Nancy Bevill Pethybridge (1899 - 1970)
Alan William Napier-Clavering (7 January 1903 – 8 August 1988) was a British actor. After a decade in West End theatres, he had a long film career first in Britain and then in Hollywood. But Napier finally became widely known for portraying Alfred the butler in the 1960s live-action Batman television series.
Early life and career
Napier, the son of Claude Gerald Napier-Clavering (1869–1938) and Mary Millicent Kenrick (1871–1932), sister of Wilfred Byng Kenrick, was a first cousin once removed of Neville Chamberlain, Britain's prime minister from 1937 to 1940. He was stage-struck from childhood, and after graduating from Clifton College, the tall—6 feet 4.5 inches (1.94 m)—booming-voiced Napier studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.
He was engaged by the Oxford Players, where he worked with such raw young talent as Sir John Gielgud and Robert Morley. Ironically, as Napier recalled, height played a crucial part in his getting the job and also almost losing it. J. B. Fagan had dismissed Tyrone Guthrie because he was too tall for most parts. Napier was interviewed (and accepted) as Guthrie's replacement while sitting down. Fagan realized that Napier was even taller than Guthrie when he stood up, but honoured his commitment. Napier continued working with the cream of Britain's acting crop during his ten years (1929–1939) on the West End stage.
He went to New York City in 1940 to co-star with Gladys George in Lady in Waiting. Though his film career had begun in Britain in the 1930s, he had very little success before the cameras until he arrived and joined the British community in Hollywood in 1941. There he spent time with such people as James Whale, a fellow ex-Oxford Player. He usually played dignified, sometimes WASPish roles of all sizes in such films as Random Harvest (1942), Cat People (1942), The Uninvited (1943), and House of Horrors (1946). In The Song of Bernadette, he played the ethically questionable psychiatrist who is hired to declare Bernadette mentally ill. He appeared in two Shakespeare films: the Orson Welles Macbeth, in which he played a priest that Welles added to the story, who spoke lines originally uttered by other characters, and MGM's Julius Caesar, as Cicero. He also played the vicious Earl of Warwick in Joan of Arc.
In 1949, he made an appearance on the short-lived television anthology series Your Show Time as Sherlock Holmes, in an adaptation of "The Adventure of the Speckled Band". In the 1950s, he appeared on TV in four episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents and guest starred on Dale Robertson's NBC western series Tales of Wells Fargo.
In 1966, he was the first to be cast in the Batman TV series, as Bruce Wayne's faithful butler Alfred, a role he played until the series' cancellation in 1968.
"I had never read comics before [I was hired for Batman]. My agent rang up and said, 'I think you are going to play on "Batman,"' I said 'What is "Batman"?' He said, 'Don't you read the comics?' I said, 'No, never.' He said, 'I think you are going to be Batman's butler.' I said, 'How do I know I want to be Batman's butler?' It was the most ridiculous thing I had ever heard of. He said, 'It may be worth over $100,000. ' So I said I was Batman's butler."
Later life and career
In early 1988, Napier appeared on FOX Late Show talk show in a Batman reunion show, with the entire cast of the iconic camp TV series. Though in a wheelchair and visibly tired, Napier was lucid with fond memories of his work on the show.
Napier suffered a stroke in 1987, hospitalized since June 1988, and had been gravely ill for several days, before his death of natural causes on 8 August 1988, in the Berkeley East Convalescent Hospital in Santa Monica, California. He was 85 years old. Napier was a resident of Pacific Palisades, California, and was survived by his daughter, Jennifer Nichols of East Haddam, Connecticut, and his step-daughter, Jennifer Raine Bissell of Los Angeles. His final resting place is at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory.
Napier is the step-grandfather of actor Brian Forster, best known as portraying (the second) Chris Partridge on the television series The Partridge Family. Napier was close friends with actor Michael Gough, who would later play Alfred in the first four theatrical Batman films.
In the 1989 Batman film (which featured Michael Gough as Alfred), the Joker's name is Jack Napier, in homage to Alan Napier (and as a pun on the word "jackanape" which is a scoundrel). The Joker's portrayer in the film is Jack Nicholson, another possibility for the name.
- Stamboul (1931)
- Loyalties (1933)
- In a Monastery Garden (1935)
- Wings Over Africa (1936)
- For Valour (1937)
- The Wife of General Ling (1937)
- The Four Just Men (1939)
- We Are Not Alone (1939)
- The Invisible Man Returns (1940)
- The House of the Seven Gables (1940)
- Cat People (1942) (uncredited)
- Random Harvest (1942)
- Eagle Squadron (1942)
- Assignment in Brittany (1943)
- Appointment in Berlin (1943)
- Lassie Come Home (1943)
- The Song of Bernadette (1943) (uncredited)
- Lost Angel (1943)
- Mademoiselle Fifi (1944)
- The Uninvited (1944)
- Action in Arabia (1944)
- The Hairy Ape (1944)
- Ministry of Fear (1944)
- Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944)
- Hangover Square (1945)
- Isle of the Dead (1945)
- Three Strangers (1946)
- House of Horrors (1946)
- A Scandal in Paris (1946)
- The Strange Woman (1946)
- Sinbad the Sailor (1947)
- Fiesta (1947)
- The Lone Wolf in London (1947)
- Ivy (1947)
- Lured (1947)
- Driftwood (1947)
- Unconquered (1947)
- Forever Amber (1947)
- Johnny Belinda (1948)
- Macbeth (1948)
- Joan of Arc (1948)
- Hills of Home (1948)
- A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1949)
- Manhandled (1949)
- Criss Cross (1949)
- The Red Danube (1949)
- Challenge to Lassie (1949)
- Master Minds (1949)
- Tarzan's Peril (1951)
- The Great Caruso (1951)
- Across the Wide Missouri (1951)
- The Blue Veil (1951)
- Double Crossbones (1951)
- The Strange Door (1951)
- Big Jim McLain (1952)
- Young Bess (1953)
- Julius Caesar (1953)
- Désirée (1954)
- Moonfleet (1955)
- The Court Jester (1956)
- The Mole People (1956)
- Miami Exposé (1956)
- Until They Sail (1957)
- Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959)
- Wild in the Country (1961)
- Tender Is the Night (1962)
- The Premature Burial (1962)
- The Sword in the Stone (1963) (voice)
- Marnie (1964)
- Mary Poppins (1964) (uncredited)
- My Fair Lady (1964) (uncredited)
- 36 Hours (1965)
- The Loved One (1965)
- Batman (1966)
- "Alan Napier, 'Batman's' butler, dies". Ukiah Daily Journal. Associated Press. 8 August 1988 – via Newspapers.com.
- ""Good Old Neville" Draws Support from Actor-Cousin". Bradford Evening Star. United Press. 9 May 1940 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Young Reid Learns Movie Business From Ground Up". Long Beach Independent. Transradio Press Service. 3 December 1939 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Alan Napier Gets There is Spite of Skyscraper Effect". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 5 May 1940 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Birmingham actor was Batman's butler - Sunday Mercury". www.sundaymercury.net. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- "Alan Napier". Find a Grave. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- Alan Napier at the Internet Movie Database
- Alan Napier at the Internet Broadway Database
- Alan Napier at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- "Alan Napier". Find a Grave. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
|Alfred Pennyworth Actor
1966 - 1968