Alan Shadrake

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Shadrake attending a Reform Party rally on the mandatory death penalty at Speakers' Corner, Singapore, on 15 January 2011

Alan Shadrake (born mid-1934) is a British author and former journalist, who was convicted in Singapore in 2010 of contempt of court for scandalising the Singapore judicial system, through his published views on the country's criminal justice system.[1] Following a failed appeal, he served 5½ weeks in prison.[2]

Judicial process and international criticism[edit]

Shadrake was arrested on charges of 'criminal defamation' on 18 July 2010, a day after the publication of his book, Once a Jolly Hangman: Singapore Justice in the Dock, which was critical of the Singapore judicial system.[3]

Shadrake, a resident of adjacent Malaysia, was said by the Government to have "cast doubt on the impartiality and independence of the judiciary", and was thus also served with legal papers citing him for contempt by scandalising the court. The arrest and charge followed several previous instances where Singapore's leaders have sued journalists and political opponents for defamation.[4]

His arrest and subsequent detention for two days received widespread media coverage and elicited calls for his release, including from Amnesty International and a dedicated Facebook page,[5] and renewed attention on Singapore's practice of capital punishment. He was released pending trial after a local activist posted his bail of S$10,000 (US$7,240).[6]

Shadrake's case was in October and he mounted a vigorous defence, founded on the legal concept of 'fair criticism and fair comment'. His lawyer, Ravi, who was well known and previously acted for some of the death row inmates that the book discussed.[7]

During the trial, Reporters Without Borders launched a petition calling on the Singapore government to lift its restriction on Shadrake's travel, in view of his poor health.[8]

On 2 November 2010, a verdict of guilty of contempt of court was rendered by High Court Judge Quentin Loh. Shadrake subsequently apologised if he had offended the sensitivities of the judiciary and did not mean to undermine the judges or the judiciary. The prosecutors felt that the apology was insincere and intended to lighten the sentence from the court.[9] On 16 November, Shadrake was sentenced to six weeks in prison and fined S$20,000.[10][11]

At the time of this verdict, Shadrake also faced separate charges of criminal defamation, punishable by up to two years in prison and a substantial fine.

On 10 April 2011, Shadrake appealed against his sentence.[12] The Court of Appeal affirmed the original sentence on 27 May 2011[13] and he was jailed on 1 June. He was unable to pay the fine and his sentence was therefore increased by a default two weeks' jail to a total of eight weeks.[14] On 9 July, he was released early 'for good behaviour' and deported back to Britain.[2][15]

Previous related work[edit]

In 2005, Shadrake interviewed and wrote about Darshan Singh, Singapore's executioner for nearly 50 years, in The Australian, causing a minor controversy as it was shortly before the execution of Van Tuong Nguyen. Details from further interviews with Singh were included in Once a Jolly Hangman.

Repercussions[edit]

Yale University has plans to establish a liberal arts college in Singapore. Four Yale professors have taken issue with the question of academic freedom in a nation that hinders freedom of expression and, in light of the Shadrake verdict, have asked the University administrators to reconsider establishing the college, but administrators said Yale will continue with its plans.[16]

Personal life[edit]

Shadrake was born in Essex in England and later lived for a while in Santa Monica, California before moving to Malaysia.

He has four children.[4]

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agence France-Presse (20 July 2010). "Lawyer seeks access to arrested writer". SCMP. 
  2. ^ a b Author Alan Shadrake released from Singapore jail, BBC News, 9 July 2011
  3. ^ England, Vaudine (20 July 2010). "British death penalty author freed on bail in Singapore". BBC News. Archived from the original on 20 July 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Singapore jails British writer for contempt, AP, 17 November 2010
  5. ^ ""Free Alan Shadrake!", Facebook Page". 
  6. ^ "British author Alan Shadrake arrested in Singapore over death penalty book". The Australian. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Singapore justice in the dock indeed, Jakarta Globe, 18 October 2010]
  8. ^ Reporters Without Borders Petition For Alan Shadrake
  9. ^ "British author apologises to Singapore judiciary". Asiaone. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  10. ^ Tan, Andrea (2 November 2010). "British Author Alan Shadrake Convicted of Contempt of Court in Singapore". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  11. ^ British author jailed for contempt by Singapore court, The Guardian, 16 November 2010
  12. ^ "British author appeals six-week jail term". AsiaOne. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "British author Alan Shadrake loses appeal". Straits Times. Singapore. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "British writer starts jail term for contempt of court". AsiaOne. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Author Alan Shadrake Released From Singapore Prison". BBC. 9 July 2011. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  16. ^ Singapore Suppresses Dissident

External links[edit]