October 17, 1870|
Kargopol Uyezd, Olonets Governorate, Russia
|Died||October 21, 1937
Chapygin was born in Kargopol Uyezd, Olonets Governorate. His northern peasant origins are reflected in his works. His first book of stories, Those Who Keep Aloof, and his novel The White Hermitage, describing northern life, were published before the Russian Revolution of 1917. He is best known for his two novels about peasant uprisings in the 17th century, Itinerant Folk (1934–37) and Stepan Razin (1926–27). Stepan Razin is considered a classic of Soviet literature.
Chapygin drew upon Russian folklore for both the style of Stepan Razin and the positive and romanticized portrait of Razin himself. The Soviets excused this modernization of history as a justifiable polemic against the negative portrayal of Razin in 19th-century Russian literature. Stepan Razin was published in the magazine Red Virgin Soil.
- Stepan Razin, Hutchinson International Authors, Ltd., London, 1946.
- Columbia Dictionary of Modern European Literature, Bédé, Edgerton, Columbia University Press, 1980.
- 25 Years of Soviet Russian Literature (1918-1943), Gleb Struve, Taylor & Francis, 1944.
- Red Virgin Soil: Soviet Literature in the 1920s, Robert A. Maguire, Northwestern University Press, 2000.
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