Alexander Anderson (physicist)
Alexander Anderson (12 May 1858 – 7 September 1936) was an Irish physicist and President of Queen's College Galway, later University College Galway, from 1899 until 1934. In electrical engineering he is known for Anderson's bridge. He was the first physicist to suggest the existence of black holes.
Alexander Anderson was born on 12 May 1858, the son of Daniel Anderson, of Camus, Coleraine, County Londonderry. He was educated at Queen's College Galway, where he won a first-year scholarship in the Science Division of the Faculty of Arts and the Sir Robert Peel Prize in Geometry in 1876. He was awarded gold medals on the results of his B.A. examination in 1880, and his M.A. examination in 1881. He won first place in an open examination for a scholarship to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, in 1881. There, he was Goldsmith Exhibitioner for 1882, and graduated sixth wrangler in 1884.
In 1885, Anderson returned to Queen's College Galway, where he was appointed Professor of Natural Philosophy, a post he held until 1934. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal University of Ireland in 1886, and a Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, in 1891. He was appointed President of Queen's College Galway on the resignation of Professor W. J. M. Starkie in 1899.
Anderson was conferred with an honorary L.L.D. by the University of Glasgow in 1901. He served as a Senator of both the Royal University of Ireland, and its successor, the National University of Ireland, and as a member of the Dublin Commissioners appointed under the Irish Universities Act of 1908. He was Vice-Chancellor of the National University of Ireland in 1915 and 1920.
Anderson married Miss Emily Binns, of Galway.
He retired as President of the College in 1934, and died in September 1936.
- "Anderson, Alexander (ANDR881A)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Obituary, The Irish Times, 7 September 1936
- History, National University of Ireland, Galway