French composer Alexandre Édouard Goria
Alexandre Édouard Goria was a French virtuoso pianist and composer recognised among amateurs enthusiasts for his numerous salon pieces of different styles, which enjoyed great success by fans of salon music. Among these pieces, numbering over a hundred, there are études, fantasies, whims, solo concerts, nocturnes of various themes, polkas, mazurkas, berceuses, ballades and révêries. He was a highly acclaimed musician specially for his étude de concerto, Op. 7 and his brilliant fantasias for piano on many theatrical works such as Plaintes de la jeune fille and other transcriptions of lieders by Franz Schubert and other composers.
Alexandre Goria was born in Paris on 21 January 1823. He was admitted as a student to the Conservatoire de Paris on 15 November 1830 at the age of seven. He had for piano teachers Adolphe-Francois Laurent (1796–1867), teacher of Jules Massenet, and Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann, teacher of Charles-Valentin Alkan and Cesar Franck, following a course of harmony under the direction of Victor Dourlen shortly thereafter.
In 1834 he won second prize in the competition of piano, being awarded the first prize the following year at the age of 12. He later became répétiteur of the classes of competition in the conservatory. His studies were completed in 1839. Since then he engaged in teaching and became known in the music world by many different kinds of pieces for the piano.
He was in very good terms with Bohemian composer Carl Czerny when he lived in Vienna for some time, and was also a very close friend of the American composer Louis Moreau Gottschalk, who dedicated his composition Le Bananier to him. Awarded with the Knight's Cross of the Order of Charles III by the Queen of Spain, he died in Paris on 6 July 1860.
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