Alexandria Protocol

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On 7 October 1944, in Alexandria, five Arab countries agreed on the foundation of a joint Arab Organization, which led to the formation of the League of Arab States in the following year. They all consented on what became known as the Alexandria Protocol.

The agreement stated that all participating countries will be represented on an equal footing. The main aim of this organization will be to strengthen the relations between Arab states and to participate actively in the coordination of their political plans and foreign policy without interference with their independence but promising protection by suitable means in case of aggression against a member state and its sovereignty.

The meeting in Alexandria included five committees with representatives of the future members of the Arab League countries in the Middle East.

Founding Members[edit]

  • Egypt Egypt: Nagib al-Hilali Pasha, Minister of Education, Muhammad Sabri Abu 'Alam Pasha, Minister of - Justice, Muhammad Salah-al-din Bey, Under Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
  • Iraq Iraq: Hamdi al-Bahjaji, Iraqi Prime Minister and head of the Iraqi delegation,Arshad al-'Umari, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nuri al-Sa'id, former Iraqi Prime Minister, Tahein al-'Askari,Iraqi Minister Plenipotentiary in Egypt,
  •  Jordan (then Transjordan): Tawliq Abu al-Huda Pasha, Trans-Jordanian Prime Minister and Minister Of Foreign Affairs, head of the Trans-Jordanian delegation,Sulayman al-Sukkar Bey, Financial Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  •  Lebanon: with the president Bechara El Khoury, Riyad al-Sulh Bey, Lebanese Prime Minister and head of the Lebanese delegation, Salim Taqla Bey, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Musa Mubarak, Chief of the Presidential Cabinet.

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