|Member of European Parliament|
14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014
|Chairman of the Christian Democrats
|Preceded by||Birger Ekstedt|
|Succeeded by||Göran Hägglund|
|Minister for Development Cooperation|
|Preceded by||Lena Hjelm-Wallén|
1 October 1938 |
Tidan, Västergötland, Sweden
|Political party||Christian Democrats in Sweden|
|Religion||Church of Sweden (Lutheran)|
Alf Robert Olof Svensson (born 1 October 1938) is a Swedish politician. He was a Member of the European Parliament from 2009 to 2014. Svensson was the leader of the Christian Democrats in Sweden between 1973 and 3 April 2004. He was a Member of Parliament from 1985 to 1988 and again from 1991 until his election to the European Parliament in 2009. Between 1991 and 1994 he was Minister for Development Cooperation in the liberal-conservative Cabinet led by Prime Minister Carl Bildt.
He was a member of the Christian Democrats from its foundation in 1964, and was one of the founders of its youth wing, Young Christian Democrats, in 1966, and was its chairman from 1970 to 1973. In 1973 he became the leader of the party, after its first leader Birger Ekstedt had died in 1972.
In the 1985 elections, the Christian Democrats, who had so far not won any parliamentary representation, entered into an election alliance with Centre Party. This gave Svensson a seat in parliament, which made him the first Christian Democrat MP, but he was the only person of his party who received a seat, which was a disappoinment for the party. In the 1988 elections, the alliance had been dissolved, and the Christian Democrats failed to get enough votes to enter the parliament on their own. In the 1991 elections, they managed to get into parliament, and Svensson received a ministerial post in the four-party coalition government under Carl Bildt.
In 2004, he left the position as party leader and was succeeded by Göran Hägglund, but stayed in parliament. In 2009 election to the European Parliament, he was elected as MEP, and left the Swedish parliament.
Svensson, whose leadership of the Christian Democrats spanned four decades (1973–2004), is a firm supporter of the European Union and the Economic and Monetary Union, unlike many of his voters who are in general more skeptical to an introduction of the euro.