Alfons Hitter

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Alfons Hitter
1944 kapitulation witebsk vasilevsky chernyakovski gallwitzer hitter 3.jpg
206th Infantry Division's commander, Alfons Hitter (second from right) and corps commander Gollwitzer surrender to Soviet forces.
Born (1892-06-04)4 June 1892
Hochstatt, Alsace-Lorraine
Died 11 March 1968(1968-03-11) (aged 75)
Königswinter
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1914–1918
1922–1945
Rank Rank insignia of Generalleutnant of the Wehrmacht.svg Generalleutnant
Commands held Artillerie-Regiment 178
Artillerie Regiment 112
206. Infanterie-Division
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Other work NKFD

Alfons Hitter (4 June 1892, Hochstatt, Alsace-Lorraine – 11 March 1968) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 206th Infantry Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Generalleutnant Hitter was captured by Soviet forces early during Operation Bagration when his division was encircled and forced to surrender at Vitebsk. He was held in a Soviet prison for eleven years, joining the National Committee for a Free Germany while in captivity. He was released in 1955.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht references[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
19 November 1943 An der erfolgreichen Abwehr des feindlichen Ansturms westlich und nordwestlich Smolensk haben das II. Bataillon des Grenadierregiments (mot.) 119 unter Führung von Major Nagengast, die sächsische 14. Infanteriedivision unter Führung von Generalmajor Flörke und die ostpreußische 206. Infanteriedivision unter Führung von Generalleutnant Hitter hervorragenden Anteil.[4] In the successful defense of the enemy onslaught west and northwest of Smolensk, the 2nd Battalion of the 119th Grenadier Regiment (mot.) under the leadership of Major Nagengast, the Saxon 14th Infantry Division under the command of Major General Flörke, and the East Prussian 206th Infantry Division under the command of Lieutenant General Hitter had a prominent contribution.
11 February 1944 Im mittleren Frontabschnitt hat sich die unter dem Befehl des Generals der Infanterie Jordan kämpfende niedersächsische 131. Infanteriedivision unter Generalleutnant Hitter besonders ausgezeichnet.[5] The under the command of General of Infantry Jordan fighting Lower Saxon 131st Infantry Division under Lieutenant General Hitter has particularly distinguished itself in the middle sector of the front.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Thomas 1997, p. 285.
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 189.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 71.
  4. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 609.
  5. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 32.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Hugo Höfl
Commander of 206. Infanterie-Division
10 July 1942 - 13 July 1943
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Carl André
Preceded by
Generalmajor Carl André
Commander of 206. Infanterie-Division
14 September 1943 - 28 June 1944
Succeeded by
None