Alpha Librae

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Alpha Librae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Cepheus Libra and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of α Librae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Libra
α1 Lib
Right ascension 14h 50m 41.18097s[1]
Declination –15° 59′ 50.0482″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +5.153[2]
α2 Lib
Right ascension 14h 50m 52.71309s[1]
Declination –16° 02′ 30.3955″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +2.741[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type F3 V + kA2hA5mA4 IV-V[3]
U−B color index –0.002/+0.155
B−V color index +0.394/+0.146
Astrometry
α1 Lib
Radial velocity (Rv) –24.7 ± 0.4[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –136.27[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –59.04[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 43.52 ± 0.43[1] mas
Distance 74.9 ± 0.7 ly
(23.0 ± 0.2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +3.29[4]
α2 Lib
Proper motion (μ) RA: –105.68[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –68.40[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 43.03 ± 0.19[1] mas
Distance 75.8 ± 0.8 ly
(23.2 ± 0.1 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +0.88
Details
α1 Lib
Mass 1.33+0.06
−0.04
[4] M
Surface gravity (log g) 3.91[3] cgs
Temperature 6,745[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.02[3] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 5.95[5] km/s
Age 1.4+0.8
−0.4
[4] Gyr
α2 Lib
Mass 1.4–1.5/0.5–0.6[6] M
Temperature 8,128[3] K
Other designations
α Librae, α Lib, alf Lib, Kiffa Australis, Lanx australis, Zubenelgenubi.
α1 Lib: 8 Librae, BD–15 3965, FK5 1387, HD 130819, HIP 72603, HR 5530, SAO 158836.[7]
α2 Lib: 9 Librae, BD–15 3966, FK5 548, HD 130841, HIP 72622, HR 5531, SAO 158840.[8]

Alpha Librae (α Lib, α Librae) is the Bayer designation for the second brightest star in the constellation Libra (despite its Bayer designation as alpha). It has the traditional name Zubenelgenubi (pronounced "zoo-BEN-el-je-NEW-bee").[9] The name, from Arabic الزبن الجنوبي (al-zuban al-janūbiyy), means "southern claw" and was coined before Libra was recognized as distinct from Scorpius. The alternate names Kiffa Australis and Elkhiffa Australis, partial Latin translations of Arabic al-kiffah al-janūbiyy, mean "southern pan (of the scales)". Another name used in older astronomy texts, equivalent to "southern scale or pan", was Lanx Australis.[10]

Alpha Librae is close to the ecliptic so it can be easily occulted by the Moon and (very rarely) by planets. The next occultation by a planet will be by Mercury on 10 November 2052.[11]

Properties[edit]

Alpha Librae is located approximately 77 light-years (24 parsecs) from the Sun. The two brightest components of Alpha Librae form a double star that share a similar motion through space, forming common proper motion companions. The brightest member, α2 Librae, is itself a spectroscopic binary system. The second member, α1 Librae, is separated from the primary system by around 5,400 AU. It too is a spectroscopic binary with an orbital period of 5,870 days and an angular separation of 0.383 arcseconds; equal to about 10 AU. The system may have a fifth component, the star KU Librae at a separation of 2.6°, thus forming a hierarchical quintuple star system. KU Lib shares a similar motion through space to the Alpha Librae system, but is separated from the other stars by about a parsec. Still, it is sufficiently close to be gravitationally bound to the other members.[6]

The two brightest members of Alpha Librae are separated in the sky by an angular distance of 231" (3'51"). The position angle of the companion is 314 degrees. The brighter of the two is a white star of spectral type A3, with an apparent brightness of 2.8. Its companion is a type F4 star of apparent brightness 5.2. They are probably members of the Castor Moving Group of stars that have a similar motion through space and share a common origin some 200 million years ago.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ a b Gutierrez-Moreno, Adelina et al. (1966), A System of photometric standards 1, Publicaciones Universidad de Chile, Department de Astronomy, pp. 1–17, Bibcode:1966PDAUC...1....1G 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gray, R. O. et al. (July 2006), "Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: Spectroscopy of Stars Earlier than M0 within 40 pc-The Southern Sample", The Astronomical Journal 132 (1): 161–170, arXiv:astro-ph/0603770, Bibcode:2006AJ....132..161G, doi:10.1086/504637 
  4. ^ a b c d Holmberg, J.; Nordström, B.; Andersen, J. (July 2009), "The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the solar neighbourhood. III. Improved distances, ages, and kinematics", Astronomy and Astrophysics 501 (3): 941–947, arXiv:0811.3982, Bibcode:2009A&A...501..941H, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200811191 
  5. ^ Martínez-Arnáiz, R. et al. (September 2010), "Chromospheric activity and rotation of FGK stars in the solar vicinity. An estimation of the radial velocity jitter", Astronomy and Astrophysics 520: A79, arXiv:1002.4391, Bibcode:2010A&A...520A..79M, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913725 
  6. ^ a b c Caballero, J. A. (May 2010), "Reaching the boundary between stellar kinematic groups and very wide binaries. II. α Librae + KU Librae: a common proper motion system in Castor separated by 1.0 pc", Astronomy and Astrophysics 514: A98, arXiv:1001.5432, Bibcode:2010A&A...514A..98C, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913986 
  7. ^ "HD 130819 -- Star in Double System", SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg) 
  8. ^ "HD 130841 -- Variable Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2007-01-23 
  9. ^ http://www.astronomyclub.org/learn/Say_What.htm
  10. ^ Philippe La Hire, "Tabulae Astronomicae" (1727), see star table, page 13.
  11. ^ Peuschel, Marco (2003). "Astronomische Ereignisse der besonderen Art". Retrieved July 10, 2005.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 14h 50m 41.26s, −15° 59′ 49.5″