American Polygraph Association
The American Polygraph Association (APA) was established in 1966 and includes 2,500 members in the polygraph field.
The American Polygraph Association is a professional fraternity that engages in asking polygraph schools to pay monetary fees in order to receive “accreditation". Individual members of this fraternity receive only membership into the association. There is no accreditation given to them beyond this.
The stated goals of the APA are:
- Serving the cause of truth with integrity, objectivity and fairness to all persons
- Encouraging and supporting research, training and education to benefit members of the Association as well as those who support its purpose and by providing a forum for the presentation and exchange of information derived from such research, training and education
- Establishing and enforcing standards for admission to membership and continued membership in the Association
- Governing the conduct of members of the Association by requiring adherence to a Code of Ethics and a set of Standards and Principles of Practice
APA members are proponents of the control question technique of polygraph admission, which includes asking questions designed to gain a greater physiological response from innocent subjects being given a polygraph.
About 10 years before the founding of the APA, a future president of the organization, Chris Gugas, demonstrated the polygraph before a national television audience with Groucho Marx on the comedian's show "You Bet Your Life".
The American Polygraph Association has been embroiled in lawsuits over the years over allegations of unfair treatment. The most recent of which has occurred in 2013.
- APA Mission Retrieved 10 June 2007 Archived May 28, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Furedy, JJ; RJ Heslegrave (1988). "Validity of the Lie Detector". Criminal Justice and Behavior (American Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology) 15 (2): 219–246. doi:10.1177/0093854888015002008.
- Bull, R; H Baron, G Gudjonsson, S Hampson, G Rippon, A Vrij (2004). "A review of the current scientific status and fields of application of Polygraphic Deception Detection". Final report (6 October 2004) from the BPS Working Party. British Psychological Society. Retrieved 2007-06-17.