American Standard Companies
|Fate||Renamed Trane Inc., disposed of bathroom and vehicle control divisions|
|Headquarters||Piscataway, New Jersey, USA|
|Key people||Frederic M. Poses, Chairman and CEO|
|Products||plumbing fixtures, heating and cooling equipment, automotive supplies|
American Standard Companies, Inc. was a global manufacturer of plumbing, heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and services, bath and kitchen products and vehicle control systems.
The company was formed in 1929 through the merger of the American Radiator Company and Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Company forming the American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation. The group was renamed to the "American Standard Corporation" in 1967.
In 1929, the American Radiator Company (founded 1892) merged with the Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Company (founded in 1875) to form the American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation. The plumbing division, Standard Sanitary, would continue to sell their products under the "Standard" label until 1967, when the company changed its name to American Standard Corporation. The American Standard label was used for both divisions from that year on.
In 1929, American-Standard bought the Kewanee Boiler Company which it kept until the Early 1970s.
In 1984 the group acquired HVAC company Trane. In 1999, American Standard purchased control of the United Kingdom-based Armitage Shanks and Ceramica Dolomite of Italy from Blue Circle Industries for $430 million.
On 1 February 2007, the company announced it would break up its three divisions. The plan included the sale of its kitchen and bath division; and the spin off of its vehicle control systems business; the remainder of the company, primarily its airconditioning business was to be retained, and renamed "Trane":
- The vehicle controls division was spun off, forming WABCO Vehicle Control Systems.
- The kitchen and bathroom division was sold off: Bain Capital Partners acquired the division for $1.745 billion. Bain Capital sold the North American and Asian operations to Sun Capital and Lixil respectively, whilst retaining the European and Latin American operations as Ideal Standard. The North American operations became American Standard Americas, whilst the global business became Ideal Standard.
- The remainder of the company held was renamed, taking the name of its heating and air conditioning subsidiary Trane. Ingersoll Rand made an offer to acquire the company on December 17, 2007, and the sale was completed on June 5, 2008.
- American Standard Companies Announces Plan To Separate Its Three Businesse, ir.americanstandard.com (press release), 1 Feb 2007, archived from the original on 13 Jan 2009
- American Standard Companies Announces Completion of Sale of Bath and Kitchen Business to Bain Capital (press release), 31 Oct 2007, archived from the original on 5 May 2009
- Hagerty, James R. (28 June 2013), Japanese Toilet Maker Lixil Buys American Standard, online.wsj.com, "The more than century-old American Standard was sold in 2007 to a Bain Capital Partners LLC fund for $1.76 billion. Bain sold the North American part of the business to Sun Capital for about $130 million and later sold the Asian business to Lixil, then known as JS Group, while retaining the European and Latin American operations, known as Ideal Standard."
- Ingersoll Rand Completes Acquisition of Trane (press release), Ingersoll Rand, 5 June 2008
- Rodengen, Jeffrey L. (1999), The history of American Standard, Write Stuff Enterprises, ISBN 0945903480