Amnesty v. Blair 2nd Cir. 09-4112 (2011) was a decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit that reversed the dismissal of the Southern District of New York. The case was brought by Amnesty International USA, International Criminal Defense Attorneys Association, The Nation Magazine, Service Employees International Union, Washington Office on Latin America, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, PEN America Center, Daniel Arshack, David Nevin, Scott McKay, and Sylvia Royce to block the FISA Amendment Acts of 2008. The lower court ruled the plaintiffs failed to prove their case, a decision which was reversed on appeal. The Bush and Obama administrations defended the acts.