Andorran parliamentary election, 2011

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Andorran parliamentary election, 2011
Andorra
2009 ←
3 April 2011 (2011-04-03)
→ 2015

All 28 seats in the General Council
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Antoni Martí Jaume Bartumeu Montserrat Gil i Roser
Party DA PS UL
Seats before 11 14 0
Seats won 20 6 2
Seat change Increase9 Decrease8 Increase2
Popular vote 8,553 5,397 1,349

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Eusebi Nomen Isabel Lozano
Party ApC Vd'A
Seats before 3 0
Seats won 0 0
Seat change Decrease3 0
Popular vote 1,040 520

Prime Minister before election

Jaume Bartumeu
PS

Elected Prime Minister

Antoni Martí
DA

Coat of arms of Andorra.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Andorra
Constitution
Foreign relations

Early parliamentary elections were held in Andorra on 3 April 2011 after the General Council of Andorra was dissolved over problems in passing important laws, including the budget and laws related to a value added tax.[1]

The Democrats for Andorra won an absolute majority of seats making Antoni Martí the prime minister-designate.

Background[edit]

The two co-princes of Andorra – the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell – do not get involved in internal politics, particularly after the May 1993 constitution making the principality an independent state.

Andorra is also a conservative country where many people vote more for men than specific programmes.

Fall of government[edit]

A crisis in government developed after banking secrecy laws were lifted and a value added tax was due to be applied to companies, along with an opening up to foreign investment. After the 2009 election, the Social Democratic Party achieved a plurality of seats but fell one seat short of an overall majority, thus providing for more deadlock during key pieces of legislation. The government fell two years before its full four-year term was due to end after failing to pass the budget with an absolute majority.[2] Jaume Bartumeu effectively called for an election[3] by requesting that the country's co-princes dissolve parliament.[citation needed]

Electoral system[edit]

Twenty-eight "general councillors" were elected, based on closed party lists:[4]

The parish lists and the national list are independent of one another: the same person cannot appear on both the national list and on a parish list, and voters cast two separate ballots. There is no requirement to vote for the same party for both lists.[7]

Campaign[edit]

Five parties contested the election: The governing Social Democrats (PS), the newly formed opposition Democrats for Andorra (DA), the third place Andorra for Change (ApC), the Greens and the local conservative Lauredian Union (LU) party.

Out of these only the PS, DA and LU contested the parish seats. The PS contested all parishes, while DA contested all but Sant Julià de Lòria, which was contested by Lauredian Union. ApC announced they would support DA candidates on a parish level.[8]

Incumbent Prime Minister Jaume Bartumeu and his main challenger Antoni Martí wanted to change the protectionism previously prevalent in the national economy. They sought to attract foreign capital primarily in the technology sector to diversify from a current economy based on trade (33%), tourism (33%) and banking (17%). Due to the global financial crisis and its effect on Spain, which accounts for 80% of Andorran trade, (the other 20% with France) the economy was in a "severe crisis." Since 2008, 4,000 people[2] in the country of 84,525[9] have lost their jobs, including seasonal employment.

Bartumeu had released the listing of Andorra’s tax haven status with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. He also enacted a law to lift bank secrecy. He accuses right-winged parties of not forgiving him for a "move towards transparency and fiscal reforms."

Martí said that: "We develop our tax system to be within the European standards, Andorrans do not want to pay taxes, but they understand the need to change the system. We will keep an attractive tax regime and will continue to offer attractive products." Still there was some "broad consensus on economic and tax issues" between the two main parties; though the main difference was the creation of an income tax. Bartumeu sought to tax incomes of more than 40,000 euros, even though the minimum wage is 39,600. Marti opposed the entire proposal.

Eusebi Nomen of Andorra for Change also denounced the proposed increased tax burden and accused the government of selling "national sovereignty."

The Greens of Andorra's Isabel Lozano said that economic development must be more environmentally friendly.[2]

Results[edit]

The Democrats for Andorra won a landslide victory, taking every parish in which they stood and winning the national vote, giving them 20 out of the 28 General Council's seats, the biggest victory in the country's history.[10] The Social Democrats lost all their parish seats and held only their six national seats, while Lauredian Union returned to the General Council, winning the parish of Sant Julià de Lòria. Andorra for Change lost all their seats, and the Greens finished last, gaining no seats.[11][12]

Voter turnout was 74.14%.[3] Of the 28 members elected, 15 were women, making 54% of the parliament legislators women (up from 32%). This made Andorra the first European country to elect a parliament where women legislators were the majority, and only the second in the world after Rwanda.[13]

Total[edit]

e • d Summary of the 3 April 2011 Andorran General Council election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
Democrats for Andorra (Demòcrates per Andorra)
8,553 55.15 20
Social Democratic Party (Partit Socialdemòcrata)
5,397 34.80 6
Andorra for Change (Andorra pel Canvi) 1,040 6.71
Greens of Andorra (Els Verds d'Andorra) 520 3.35
Lauredian Union (Unió Laurediana)* 2
Total (turnout 74.12%) 15,510 100.00 28
Invalid votes 164
Blank votes 523
Total votes 16,197
Registered voters 21,852
Numbers of votes and percentages are for the respective national list. Numbers of seats include seats won by the parish lists.
* parish lists only
Source: Government of Andorra.

National lists[edit]

e • d 
Party Votes Seats won Difference % seats % votes Difference
in votes
Democrats for Andorra 8,553 8 Increase3 57.1 55.1 Increase3,806
Social Democrats 5,397 6 = 42.9 34.8 Decrease1,213
Andorra for Change 1,040 0 Decrease3 0 6.7 Decrease1,728
Greens 520 0 = 0 3.3 Increase54
Total 15,510 14 - - Turnout 74.1%

Parish lists[edit]

The results by parish are:[14]

Canillo
e • d 
Party Seats won Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
Democrats for Andorra 2 = 421 Increase107 70.6
Social Democrats and Independents 0 = 175 Decrease52 29.4
Total 2 - 596 Turnout 81.5%
Encamp
e • d 
Party Seats Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
United for Progress - Democrats for Andorra 2 Increase2 1,324 Increase952 63.3
Social Democrats and Independents 0 Decrease2 766 Decrease72 36.6
Total 2 - 2,090 Turnout 74.6%
Ordino
e • d 
Party Seats Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
Democrats for Andorra 2 Increase2 560 - 53.9
Social Democrats - GUPI 0 Decrease2 479 Increase74 46.1
Total 2 - 1,039 Turnout 81.7%
La Massana
e • d 
Partit polític Seats Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
Democrats for Andorra 2 = 1,112 Increase267 65.5
Social Democrats and Independents 0 = 585 Decrease136 34.5
Total 2 - 1,697 Turnout 79.2%
Andorra la Vella
e • d 
Party Seats Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
Democrats for Andorra 2 Increase2 2,219 Increase1,126 53.1
Social Democrats and Independents 0 Decrease2 1,957 Decrease268 46.9
Total 2 - 4,176 Turnout 68.4%
Sant Julià de Lòria
e • d 
Party Seats Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
Lauredian Union 2 = 1,349 Increase269 61.8
Social Democrats and Independents 0 = 835 Increase98 38.2
Total 2 - 2,184 Turnout 75.9%
Escaldes-Engordany
e • d 
Party Seats Difference Votes Difference in votes % of votes
Democrats for Andorra 2 Increase2 2,087 Increase1,129 65.4
Social Democrats and Independents 0 Decrease2 1,104 Decrease200 34.6
Total 2 - 3,191 Turnout 74.4%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jefe del gobierno de Andorra disuelve parlamento y adelanta elecciones | Mundo". El Nacional.com. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Andorra: Tax, foreign investment in the heart of early parliamentary". Pisqa.com. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Ruling party defeated in Andorra". The Australian. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Art. 42.2, Law 28/2007.
  5. ^ Art. 57, Law 28/2007.
  6. ^ Art. 58, Law 28/2007.
  7. ^ Arts. 19, 51 & 52, Law 28/2007.
  8. ^ "ApC es decideix a presentar llista nacional i dóna suport a les territorials de DA". Andorrapelcanvi.ad. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "IFES Election Guide - Election Profile for Andorra". Electionguide.org. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Toni Martí obté una victòria aclaparadora amb 21 escons". Diari d'Andorra (in Catalan). 3 April 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2011. 
  11. ^ Source for figures is Carr, Adam (6 April 2011). "Legislative elections of 3 April 2011". Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Govern d'Andorra - Eleccions". Eleccions.ad. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  13. ^ http://www.cfwd.org.uk/news/51/61/Andorran-women-make-history
  14. ^ "Psephos - Adam Carr's Election Archive". Psephos.adam-carr.net. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 

External links[edit]