Andree Clark Bird Refuge
Andree Clark Bird Refuge, a 42-acre (170,000 m2) saltwater marsh is one of the largest wildlife refuges in Santa Barbara County, California, United States.[dead link] The site also has a 29-acre (120,000 m2) freshwater/brackish lake, which drains into East Beach.
The refuge is bounded by the Santa Barbara Zoo, Highway 101, and East Cabrillo Boulevard. Some of the bird species commonly spotted in the park include Ruddy Ducks, American Coots, Mallards, California Gulls, Western Gulls, Red-winged Blackbirds, and Black-crowned Night Herons. The refuge has both resident and migratory populations.
Originally, water from Sycamore Creek drained into the lake. However, in the 1880s the construction of a railroad through the area blocked off the inflow of water. In the 1870s and early 1880s, Bradley's Race Track surrounded the lake.
In 1928, Huguette M. Clark, owner of Bellosguardo, the Clark Estate across from the salt pond, agreed to donate $50,000 to excavate the pond and create an artificial freshwater lake. Clark stipulated that the facility would be named Andree Clark Bird Refuge after her late sister.[dead link] The sisters were daughters of "Copper King" William A. Clark. Huguette Clark donated more money in 1930 to complete the work modeled after Ralph Stevens' plans.[clarification needed]
- Andree Clark Bird Refuge, Santa Barbara www.planetware.com
- "Expedition 1". Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- Days, M.L. (1977). Histories of individual parks Santa Barbara California. Santa Barbara, CA: City Planning Committee.
- Conceptual Design Guidance Report for The East Cabrillo Boulevard Sidewalk Replacement Project
- Pioneer Profiles and Biographies. "Ralph Stevens (1882 - 1958)" The Cultural Landscape Foundation, Washington, D.C. USA
- The East Cabrillo Boulevard location is within a State Historic District and the Historic Landmarks Commission (HLC) and the City are bound by conditions and restrictions of a “Preservation Covenant” that was agreed to in 1995 when the State relinquished a portion of State Highway 225 (Cabrillo Blvd) to the City. Council Agenda Report "Appeal Of Historic Landmarks Commission Approval For The East Cabrillo Boulevard Sidewalk Improvement Project" 11 December 2007
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