Anna Leszczyńska (1699–1717)
|Coat of arms||Wieniawa|
25 May 1699|
|Died||20 June 1717
Anna Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, Poland, 25 May 1699 – 20 June 1717 in Gräfinthal, Germany), was a Polish noblewoman from the Leszczyński family and later Royal Princess of Poland when her father became King in 1704.
Anna was the eldest daughter of Stanisław Leszczyński (who became King of Poland in 1704 and later Duke of Lorraine) and his wife, born Countess Catherine Opalińska. She was named after her paternal grandmother, born Princess Anna Jabłonowska.
Her only sister, Maria Leszczyńska, was born in 1703 and later became Queen of France as the wife of Louis XV. Between his two daughters, Anna seems the favorite of King Stanisław. She received a careful education.
Anna died of pneumonia aged eighteen in Gräfinthal cloister, in the district of Mandelbachtal in Saarpfalz-Kreis. Many doctors called to her bedside by her father have likely accelerated her death, multiplying the purges and bleeding.
Her death devastated Leszczyński family, especially her father. King Stanisław asked his second daughter Maria never pronounce the name of Anna again before him and she observe this instructions so carefully even in front of her husband King Louis XV, that years later he was surprised to learn that she had a sister.
- Edmund Cieślak, Stanisław Leszczyński, pp. 45-46, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, Warsaw 1994.
- Sarah Coffin, Bodo Hofstetter Portrait Miniatures in Enamel : The Gilbert Collection, p. 87, Philip Wilson, London 2000.
- André Rossinot, Emmanuel Haymann, Stanislas, le roi philosophe, p. 93, Michel Lafon, Paris 2004.
- Bożena Krzywobłocka, Wielkopolskie damy (Great Polish Ladied), p. 123, Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, Poznan 1986.