Annise Parker

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Annise Parker
Annise Parker.JPG
61st Mayor of Houston
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 2, 2010
Preceded by Bill White
14th City Controller of Houston
In office
January 2, 2004 – January 2, 2010
Preceded by Judy Johnson
Succeeded by Ronald Green
Member of the Houston City Council
from At-large Position 1
In office
January 2, 1998 – January 2, 2004
Preceded by Gracie Saenz
Succeeded by Mark Ellis
Personal details
Born Annise Danette Parker
(1956-05-17) May 17, 1956 (age 58)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Kathy Hubbard (m. 2014)
Alma mater Rice University
Religion United Methodism
Website Government website
Personal website

Annise Danette Parker (born May 17, 1956) is an American politician, who has been elected Houston Mayor three times, serving since January 2, 2010. She also served as an at-large member of the Houston City Council from 1998 to 2003 and city controller from 2004 to 2010.[1][2]

Parker is Houston's second female mayor (after Kathy Whitmire), and one of the first openly gay mayors of a major U.S. city, with Houston being the most populous U.S. city to elect an openly gay mayor.[3][4][5]

Early life and education

Parker was born in Houston on May 17, 1956 and grew up in the community of Spring Branch, where she attended public schools. Her mother was a bookkeeper, and her adoptive father worked for the Red Cross. In 1971, when Parker was 15, her family moved to a U.S. Army post in Mannheim, Germany for two years. In Germany, she volunteered in the Red Cross youth service organization and worked at the post library.[6]

Parker began attending Rice University on a National Merit scholarship in 1974, working several jobs to pay for her room and board.[6] A member of Jones College, she graduated in 1978 with a bachelor's degree in anthropology, psychology and sociology.[7]

Career

Prior to serving as an elected official, Parker worked in the oil and gas industry as a software analyst[8] for over 20 years, including 18 years at Mosbacher Energy. In addition, she co-owned Inklings Bookshop with business partner Pokey Anderson from the late 1980s until 1997 and served as president of the Neartown Civic Association from 1995 to 1997.[6] In 1986, she was president of the Houston GLBT Political Caucus.

Parker currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Holocaust Museum Houston and Girls Inc. and the Advisory Boards of the Houston Zoo, the Montrose Counseling Center, Bering Omega Community Services, and Trees for Houston. She is also involved in historic preservation efforts in Houston and received the “Good Brick Award” from the Greater Houston Preservation Alliance for her restoration of historic properties in the Old Sixth Ward.[6]

City Council

Parker ran unsuccessfully for City Council District C in 1991 and again in 1995, finishing third in the special election for At-Large position 4, the seat vacated by Sheila Jackson Lee after her election to Congress.

In 1997, Parker prevailed in the runoff election for At-Large position 1 to become Houston's first openly gay elected official.[9] She was re-elected twice to the same seat in 1999 and 2001 without being forced to a run-off.[10] As a councilmember, she was recognized as "Councilmember of the Year" by the Houston Police Officers Union and earned the "Distinguished Local Elected Official Award" from the Texas Recreational and Park Society.

City Controller

In 2003, Parker was elected City Controller.[2] She was re-elected in 2005 and 2007 unopposed. In addition, Parker also secured a seat for a controller's appointee on the Houston Municipal Pension System Board of Trustees, marking the first time the city's chief financial officer has had any involvement in the pension system."[11]

Mayoral election

2009

In 2009, Parker announced her candidacy for the office of Mayor of Houston in a video posted online to her campaign website.[12] She was endorsed by several organizations and campaigned on a platform of better city security and financial efficiency.[13] Other people who were in the running for mayor included Houston City Council Member Peter Hoyt Brown and Harris County school board trustee Roy Morales; they were eliminated from the race on November 3, 2009. She entered the run-off election with the most votes to face former Houston City Attorney Gene Locke who garnered the second most votes. In the general election, the city's primary newspaper endorsed both Parker and Locke.

During the run-off election, Parker was endorsed by former rival Peter Hoyt Brown. The city's primary newspaper, the Houston Chronicle, endorsed Parker over Locke citing her experience. Parker was elected mayor on December 12, 2009, and assumed office on January 2, 2010. Houston became the largest U.S. city ever to have an openly gay individual serve as mayor.[14][15] After the election, Parker declared that the top priorities of her administration will be improving transportation, balancing the city's budget, and selecting a new police chief.[16]

2011

In the 2011 election, Parker won a second term as Houston's Mayor, by defeating Fernando Herrera, Jack O'Connor, Dave Wilson, Kevin Simms, and Amanda Ulman, without a runoff.

2013

In November 2013, Parker won a third term as Houston's Mayor by winning over 57% of the vote, making a runoff unnecessary.

Personal life

Parker and her wife, Kathy Hubbard, have been together since 1990.[6] On January 16, 2014, Parker and Hubbard were married in Palm Springs, California.[17][18] They have three foster children.

Electoral history

2003

Houston Controller Election 2003[19]
Candidate Votes % ±%
Annise Parker 109,393 42%
Bruce Tatro 52,366 20%
Mark Lee 40,103 15%
Gabriel Vasquez 30,784 12%
Steve Jones 26,303 10%
Houston Controller Election 2003, Runoff[20]
Candidate Votes % ±%
Annise Parker 127,280 62.05%
Bruce Tatro 77,849 37.95%

2005

Houston Controller Election 2005
Candidate Votes % ±%
Annise Parker

2007

Houston Controller Election 2007
Candidate Votes % ±%
Annise Parker

2009

Houston Mayoral Election 2009[21]
Candidate Votes % ±%
Annise Parker 53,919 30.82%
Gene Locke 43,974 25.14%
Peter Brown 39,456 22.56%
Roy Morales 35,802 20.47%
Houston Mayoral Run-Off Election 2009[22]
Candidate Votes % ±%
Annise Parker 81,971 52.8%
Gene Locke 73,331 47.2%

2013

Candidate Vote Number Vote Percentage[23]
Annise D. Parker 97,009 57.22%
Ben Hall 46,775 27.59%
Eric B. Dick 18,302 10.79%
Victoria Lane 1,782 1.05%
Don Cook 1,720 1.01%
Keryl Burgess Douglas 1,192 0.70%
Michael Fitzsimmons 1,179 0.70%
Derek A. Jenkins 823 0.49%
Charyl L. Drab 767 0.45%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mayor's Office". City of Houston, TX. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Past City Controllers". The City of Houston. 2013. Archived from the original on 2011-06-23. Retrieved 2013-07-23. Annise D. Parker (2004 - 2010) 
  3. ^ Bustillo, Miguel (December 12, 2009). "Houston Election May Prove Historic". The Wall Street Journal. 
  4. ^ Olson, Bradley (December 13, 2009). "Annise Parker elected Houston's next mayor". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 17, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2009. 
  5. ^ James C. McKinley Jr (December 12, 2009). "Houston Is Largest City to Elect Openly Gay Mayor". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 14, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "About Annise". Annise Parker for Houston. The Annise Parker Campaign. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009. 
  7. ^ Brotzen, Franz (December 13, 2009). "Rice alumna Annise Parker elected Houston mayor". Rice University. 
  8. ^ James, Randy (December 15, 2009). "Annise Parker, Houston's Gay Mayor". Time. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  9. ^ Verhovek, Sam Howe (December 8, 1997). "Houston Elects Lee Brown As Its First Black Mayor". The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  10. ^ "Office of the City Secretary". Houstontx.gov. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Office of the City Controller". Archived from the original on March 24, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009. 
  12. ^ "http://www.anniseparker.com/". Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  13. ^ Nancy Ford (August 14, 2008). "Annie's List Makes Early Endorsement of Annise Parker for Houston Mayor in 2009". OutSmart Magazine. Retrieved September 1, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Locke Concedes In Mayor's Race – Politics News Story – KPRC Houston". Archived from the original on December 16, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2009. 
  15. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Smith, Ben (December 16, 2009). "Houston election signals key trend". Politico (politico.com). Archived from the original on December 19, 2009. Retrieved December 16, 2009. 
  16. ^ Olson, Bradley (December 15, 2009). "Budget cuts, HPD top Parker's agenda (w/video)". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 30, 2010. 
  17. ^ Morris, Mike (January 16, 2014). "Mayor Parker marries longtime partner". Houston Chronicle (Houston, Texas: Hearst Newspapers LLC). Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  18. ^ Turner, Allan (December 27, 2013). "Source: Parker, partner plan January wedding". Houston Chronicle (Houston, Texas: Hearst Corporation). Retrieved December 28, 2013. Mayor Annise Parker and her partner of 23 years, Houston tax preparer Kathy Hubbard, are planning to marry, a source close to the couple said Friday. 
  19. ^ "City of Houston General Election - November 4, 2003". Election Information and Results - Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. p. 3. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  20. ^ "City of Houston Runoff Election - December 6, 2003". Election Information and Results - Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. p. 1. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  21. ^ "City of Houston Runoff Election - November 3, 2009". Election Information and Results, Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  22. ^ "City of Houston Runoff Election - December 12, 2009". Election Information and Results, Office of the City Secretary. The City of Houston. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  23. ^ [1]

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Bill White
Mayor of Houston
2010—
Incumbent