|Original author(s)||Geographic Technologies Incorporated (GTI)|
|Operating system||MS Windows; AIX, HP-UX, GNU/Linux, Solaris|
|Type||Geographic information system|
ArcSDE (Spatial Database Engine) is a server-software sub-system (produced and marketed by Esri) that aims to enable the usage of Relational Database Management Systems for spatial data. The spatial data may then be used as part of a geodatabase.
The database software, named Spatial DataBase Engine (SDBE), was first designed by Geographic Technologies Incorporated (GTI) in Australia. Development shifted to Salamanca Software Pvt Ltd., which developed the first production version. SDBE originally used the InterBase DBMS. The president of Esri, Jack Dangermond, announced SDE at the GIS'95 conference in Vancouver, British Columbia, and Esri purchased Salamanca Software in 1996. The software was re-branded as "ArcSDE" to follow the naming convention of other products from Esri.
ArcSDE grew to meet the need of users of geographic data for robust multi-user editing, storage and access of extremely large geospatial databases. ArcSDE supports the Esri geodatabase implementation.
As of June 2012[update] Esri sells the latest version, ArcSDE 10.1, as a component of ArcGIS Server - part of the ArcGIS family of software products which integrates geographic information query, mapping, spatial analysis, and editing within a multi-user enterprise DBMS environment.
ArcSDE Alternative tools
After 2010, there are some alternative tools for connecting ArcMap with DBMS Postgres, SQL Server.. such as ST-Links PgMap.
ArcSDE enables organisations to move from a traditional approach — managing a separate collection of geographic data files — to an integrated environment in which one can manage spatial data as a continuous database: accessible to the entire organisation simultaneously and easily publishable on the Web.
ArcSDE is an application server that facilitates storing and managing spatial data (raster, vector, and survey) in a DBMS and makes the data available to many applications. ArcSDE allows one to manage spatial data in any of four commercial databases (IBM DB2, Informix, Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle). Starting with the 9.3 release, Esri added support for the open-source PostgreSQL database.
ArcSDE serves data for the advanced ArcGIS Desktop products (ArcView, ArcEditor and ArcInfo); the ArcGIS development products (ArcGIS Engine and ArcGIS Server), ArcView 3.x as well as ArcIMS. It is a key component in managing a multi-user Esri-based GIS.
While traditional RDBMS software keeps track of the tables and records contained in the database, ArcSDE pushes the relational model higher so that client software can manage geographic data - which comprise several tables - seamlessly. The user need have no awareness of nor dealings with the particulars of the RDBMS. The GIS environment routes all connections to the database through the ArcSDE middleware, which manages the storing and retrieval of data.
- Jacobson, Robert (1995). "The GIS Networker".
- "SpatialDB Advisor: Biography".
- "The Geodatabase: Modeling and Managing Spatial Data". Esri. 2009. Retrieved 2010-11-12. "Prior to ArcGIS 9.2, ArcSDE was a stand-alone software product. At the ArcGIS 9.2 release, ArcSDE was integrated into both ArcGIS Desktop and ArcGIS Server."
- "Geodatabase (web page), ArcSDE Technology (subtitle)". Esri. Retrieved 2012-03-17.