Archangelos, Rhodes

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Archangelos
Αρχάγγελος
Archangelos042.JPG
Location
Archangelos is located in Greece
Archangelos
Archangelos
Coordinates 36°13′N 28°7′E / 36.217°N 28.117°E / 36.217; 28.117Coordinates: 36°13′N 28°7′E / 36.217°N 28.117°E / 36.217; 28.117
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: South Aegean
Regional unit: Rhodes
Municipality: Rhodes
Population statistics (as of 2001)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 7,779
 - Area: 115.4 km2 (45 sq mi)
 - Density: 67 /km2 (175 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)

Archangelos (Greek: Αρχάγγελος) is a town and a former municipality on the island of Rhodes, in the Dodecanese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Rhodes, of which it is a municipal unit.[2]

Location and population[edit]

Archangelos is located about 30 kilometers south of the town of Rhodes on the island's east coast at an elevation of 160 meters. Its population according to the 2001 census was 5,500 making it the third largest town of the Island (after the capital Rhodes, and the town of Trianta (Ialysos)). The town's name derives from Archangel Michael who is also considered its patron.

The municipal unit of Archangelos has a land area of 115.375 km², and includes several other towns, the largest of which are Malónas (pop. 977) and Másari (931). Its total population was 7,779 at the 2001 census.

History[edit]

Ruins of the castle of St.John.
The bell tower of Archangel Michael's Orthodox church, the town's patron.

Numerous small settlements existed in the broader area of Archangelos during the Hellenistic era, others on the coast and others inland. After the 7th century AD the settlements near the coast were abandoned due to the frequent invasions of pirates and their inhabitants settled on existing inland settlements or founded new ones in more secure areas. Over time the various settlements of the area were merged in one forming the town of Archangelos.

After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Knights Hospitallers who were occupying the island of Rhodes since 1309, built a fortress (some sort of an Acropolis) on top of one of the town's nearby hills to protect from a possible Ottoman invasion on the island. Ruins of this (castle of Saint John) fortress remain today.

Economy[edit]

Major economic resources include tourism, agriculture (main agricultural products are olive oil and citrus fruits), stockbreeding and pottery. Pottery was always one of the major occupations of the people of Archangelos. It is said that the dome of Hagia Sofia was built using light bricks from Archangelos.

Tourist attractions[edit]

In:

  • church of the Saint Michael Archangel

Nearby:

  • castle of Saint George ruins
  • cave of Koumellos

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)