Arthur Bestor

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Arthur Eugene Bestor, Jr. (September 20, 1908 – December 13, 1994) was a historian of the United States, and during the 1950s a noted critic of American public education.

Bestor was born in Chautauqua, New York, the eldest son of Arthur E. Bestor and Jeannette Lemon. Arthur E. Bestor [sr.] was the president of the Chautauqua Institution, an educational and religious community in western New York State.

(The younger Arthur Bestor dropped the use of his middle name "Eugene" and "Jr." upon the death of his father in 1944.)

Bestor was raised and educated in Chautauqua and New York City, where he attended the Horace Mann School. He received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from Yale University (Ph.D. in History, 1938), where he received the John Addison Porter Prize.[1]

His early research was on the history of 19th-century American utopian and communitarian experimental settlements (especially New Harmony, Indiana, founded by followers of the Welsh communitarian philosopher Robert Owen). Bestor's study of New Harmony was published as Backwoods Utopias. In 1946, he received the prestigious Albert J. Beveridge Award of the American Historical Association for this work.[2]

In the mid-1950s he became well known in educational circles as a critic of then common educational doctrines; Educational Wastelands (1953) was his manifesto about declining educational standards.

From the late 1950s, his scholarly research shifted to issues of the constitutional basis of sovereignty, the war powers clauses of the US constitution, and the power of impeachment. "The American Civil War as a Constitutional Crisis " (http://www.jstor.org/stable/1844986) is a much noted and quoted essay of Bestor.

Until his death in 1994, he published widely in historical and law journals on constitutional history and was several times invited to testify before Congress on constitutional matters. At the time of his death he was working on an intellectual history of European philosophical influences on the framers of the US constitution, with particular focus on the writings of Montaigne.

He taught at Teachers College, Columbia University; the University of Wisconsin; Stanford University; and the University of Illinois. In 1963 he joined the faculty of the University of Washington, Seattle, where he taught until his retirement.

Bestor was the visiting Harmsworth Professor of American History at Queen's College, Oxford in 1956-57, and taught at the University of Tokyo, Rikkyo University (Tokyo), and Doshisha University (Kyoto) as a visiting professor sponsored by the Fulbright Program in 1967.

He married his third wife, Dorothy Alden Koch, in 1951. He had two sons from a previous marriage, William Porter Bestor and Thomas Wheaton Bestor, and one son, Theodore C. Bestor, from his third marriage.

His obituary in the New York Times notes that he was one of the first specialists on American constitutional law to publicly call for the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon, in a piece published in The Nation.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historical Register of Yale University, 1937-1951 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1952), p. 80.
  2. ^ https://www.historians.org/awards-and-grants/past-recipients/albert-j-beveridge-award-recipients
  3. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (December 17, 1994), "Arthur Bestor, a Leading Scholar On the Constitution, Dies at 86", The New York Times (New York, New York)