|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2012)|
|Born||Assia Esther Gutmann
May 15, 1927
|Died||March 23, 1969
|Cause of death||Suicide|
|Alma mater||University of British Columbia, Vancouver|
|Known for||Ted Hughes's partner|
|Spouse(s)||Sgt. John Steel,
|Children||Alexandra Tatiana Elise Wevill ("Shura") (deceased)|
Assia Wevill (May 15, 1927 – March 23, 1969) was a German-born woman who escaped the Nazis, living in Mandate Palestine and later in Britain, where she had a relationship with the English poet Ted Hughes. She killed herself and also her four-year-old daughter Alexandra Tatiana Elise ("Shura"). Six years earlier, Hughes's wife Sylvia Plath had also committed suicide. Wevill committed suicide in similar fashion to Plath, by use of a gas oven.
Assia Gutmann was the daughter of a Jewish physician of Russian origin, Dr. Lonya Gutmann, and a German Lutheran mother, Elizabetha (née Gaedeke). She spent most of her youth in Tel Aviv. Cited by friends and family as a free-spirited young woman, she would go out to dance at the British soldiers' club, where she met Sergeant John Steel, who would become her first husband and with whom she moved to London in 1946. They later emigrated to Canada, where she enrolled in the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, and where she was to meet her second husband, Canadian economist Richard Lipsey.
A refugee from Nazi Germany after the beginning of World War II, she was linguistically gifted, and besides working in the advertising industry, was an aspiring poet who published, under her maiden name Assia Gutmann, an English translation of the work of Israeli poet Yehuda Amichai.
In 1961, poets Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath rented their flat in Chalcot Square, Primrose Hill, London to Assia and David Wevill, and took up residence at North Tawton, Devon. Hughes was immediately struck with Assia, as she was with him. He later wrote:
- We didn't find her - she found us.
- She sniffed us out...
- She sat there...
- Slightly filthy with erotic mystery...
- I saw the dreamer in her
- Had fallen in love with me and she did not know it.
- That moment the dreamer in me
- Fell in love with her, and I knew it.
Plath noted their chemistry. Soon after, Ted and Assia began an affair. At the time of Plath's suicide, Wevill was pregnant with Hughes's child, but she had an abortion soon after. The actual relationship, who instigated it, and its circumstances have been hotly debated for many years.
Hughes moved her into Court Green (the North Tawton, Devon, home that he had bought with Plath), where Assia helped to care for Hughes's and Plath's two children, Frieda and Nicholas. Wevill was reportedly haunted by Plath's memory; she even began using things that had once belonged to Plath. In a biography of Assia, Lover of Unreason, the authors maintain that she used Plath's items not out of obsession, but rather for the sake of practicality, as she was maintaining a household for Hughes and his children. On 3 March 1965 at age 37, Wevill gave birth to Alexandra Tatiana Elise, nicknamed "Shura," while still married to David Wevill.
Ostracized by her lover's friends and family, and eclipsed by the figure of Plath in public life, she became anxious and suspicious of Hughes's infidelity, which was real enough. He began affairs with Brenda Hedden, a married acquaintance who frequented their home, and Carol Orchard, a nurse twenty years his junior, whom he married in 1970. Wevill's relationship with Hughes was also fraught with complexities, as shown by a collection of his letters to her that have been acquired by Emory University. She was continually distraught at his seeming reluctance to commit to marrying and setting up a home with her while treating her as a "housekeeper". Most of Hughes's friends indicate that while he never publicly claimed Shura as his daughter, his sister Olwyn said that he did believe the child was his.
On 23 March 1969, Assia Wevill gassed herself and four-year-old Shura in their London home. She had sealed the kitchen door and window, taken sleeping pills dissolved in a glass of water, and turned on the gas stove. She and Shura were found lying together on a mattress.
Ted Hughes's volume of poetry Crow (1970) was dedicated to the memory of Assia and Shura. His poem "Folktale" deals with his relation to Assia:
- She wanted the silent heraldry
- Of the purple beach by the noble wall.
- He wanted Cabala the ghetto demon
- With its polythene bag full of ashes.
In 1989, Hughes published half a dozen poems he had written for Assia, which were hidden among the 240 poems in New Selected Poems. In "The Error." he wrote:
- When her grave opened its ugly mouth
- why didn't you just fly,
- Why did you kneel down at the grave's edge
- to be identified
- accused and convicted?
In "The Descent," he wrote:
- your own hands, stronger than your choked outcry,
- Took your daughter from you. She was stripped from you,
- The last raiment
- Clinging round your neck, the sole remnant
- Between you and the bed
- In the underworld
Wevill had a successful career in advertising. She composed the ninety second "Sea Witches" advert for both television and cinemas, called a "breakthrough in type" and a "huge success" by her biographers Koren and Negev, that was "applauded in theaters." The ad can be viewed in some classic ad compilations or sometimes as an online posting.
- O'Connor, Anahad (23 March 2009). "Son of Sylvia Plath commits suicide". New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
- Lipsey, Richard (1997). Microeconomics, growth and political economy. Elgar. p. xiv and footnote 4, page xxxv.
- "Haunted by the ghosts of love". The Guardian (London). 10 April 1999. Retrieved 9 January 2007.
- Hughes, Ted. 'Dreamers'. Birthday Letters. Faber & Faber, 1998.
- Sigmund, Elizabeth (23 April 1999). "'I realised Sylvia knew about Assia's pregnancy - it might have offered a further explanation of her suicide'". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Morris, Tim. "The People in Sylvia's Life". University of Texas, Arlington. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Koren, Yehuda; Negev, Eilat (19 October 2006). "Written out of history". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Bosman, Julie (10 January 2007). "Ted Hughes Letters Go to Emory University". New York Times. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Smith, David (10 September 2006). "Ted Hughes, the domestic tyrant". The Observer. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Eilat Negev (10 April 1999). "Haunted by the ghosts of love". Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
- Koren, Yehuda (2006). A Lover of Unreason. London: Robson Books. p. 151. ISBN 1861059744.
- A Lover of Unreason: the Life and Tragic Death of Assia Wevill by Yehuda Koren and Eilat Negev, 2006.
- Ted Hughes: The Life of a Poet by Elaine Feinstein Extract from Chapter 8 - Devon, pp 120–124) "Assia"
- The beauty and the brute article by Glenys Roberts 11 January 2007.
- "Haunted by the ghosts of love". The Guardian 10 April 1999