Port Jackson Pidgin English

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Port Jackson Pidgin English
New South Wales Pidgin
Region Australia
Native speakers
English-based pidgin
  • Pacific
    • Port Jackson Pidgin English
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog news1234[1]

Port Jackson Pidgin English is an English-based pidgin that originated in the region of Sydney and Newcastle in New South Wales in the early days of colonization. Stockmen carried it west and north as they expanded across Australia. It subsequently died out in most of the country, but remains in the Northern Territory, where the contact between European settlers, Chinese, and aborigines has maintained it, and where it creolized, forming Australian Kriol.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "New South Wales Pidgin". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Smith, Norval (1994). "An annotated list of creoles, pidgins, and mixed languages". In Jacque Arends, Pieter Muysken & Norval Smith. Pidgins and Creoles. John Benjamins. 


  • Hall, Robert A., Jr. (July 1945). "Notes on Australian Pidgin English". Language (Language, Vol. 19, No. 3) 19 (3): 263–267. doi:10.2307/409833. JSTOR 409833. 
  • McGregor, W. B. (2004). The Languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. London, New York: Taylor & Francis. pp. 62–64. 
  • Mühlhäusler, P. (1991). "Overview of the pidgin and creole languages of Australia". In S. Romaine. Language in Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 159–173. 
  • Mühlhäusler, P.; McGregor, W. B. (1996). "Post-contact languages of Western Australia". In S. A. Wurm, P. Mühlhäusler, D. T. Tryon. Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 
  • Sandefur, J.; Sandefur, J. (1980). "Pidgin and Creole in the Kimberleys, Western Australia". Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Newsletter 14: 31–37. 
  • Simpson, J. (2000). "Camels as pidgin-carriers: Afghan cameleers as a vector for the spread of features of Australian Aboriginal Pidgins and Creoles". In J. Siegel. Processes of Language Contact: Studies from Australia and the South Pacific. Saint Laurent, Quebec: Fides. pp. 195–244.