Babergh has a population of roughly 85,000 and covers an area of approximately 230 square miles (600 km2).
It is named after the old Babergh hundred, referred to in the Domesday Book. The southern boundary of the district is marked almost exclusively by the River Stour, which also forms the border with Essex, and it is separated from Suffolk Coastal by the River Orwell. Primarily a rural area, Babergh contains only 2 towns of any notable size, namely Sudbury and the administrative centre, Hadleigh.
Elections to the district are held every 4 years, with currently 43 councillors being elected from 26 wards. No party has won a majority on the council since the first election in 1973 and after the latest election in 2011 the council is composed of the following councillors:-