Balad District

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Balcad is located in Somalia
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 2°39′N 45°3′E / 2.650°N 45.050°E / 2.650; 45.050Coordinates: 2°39′N 45°3′E / 2.650°N 45.050°E / 2.650; 45.050
Country  Somalia
Region Middle Shabelle
District Balcad
 • Total 642,000
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Daadir, October 10, 2008

Bal'ad District (Somali: Degmada Balcad) is one of the districts of Middle Shabelle region of Somalia. It is located about 36 kilometers northeast of the capital city of Mogadishu. It has an area of 4,400 square kilometres (1,700 sq miles) with an estimated population of 642,000 and 82 villages (tuulo). Most of the population is Mataan Abdulle, Wabudhan Abgaal from Mudulood clan of Hawiye.

The district passes one of the Somalia's permanent rivers (Shabelle) which passes through the city of Bal-ad, nevertheless neighbours the Indian Ocean and has a long coast of about 70 km. The district is famous for agriculture, livestock and marine resources.

Bal'ad has one the nature reserves of the country which is located on the eastern bank of the Shabelle River, immediately south of the town. It has been established by the Somali Ecological Society in 1985, at which that time covered an area of 42 ha and later extended to 190 ha in 1987. The site consists of one of the few patches of riverine forest remaining on the Shabelle River and the surrounding scrub savannah.

The principal trees of the riverine forest include Acacia elatior, Ficus sycamorus, Garcinia livingstonei, Mimusops fruticosa and Tamarindus indica, while the surrounding scrub consists of more stunted Acacia nilotica with a dense undergrowth of herbs and tall grasses.

The reserve included a field-centre which, from 1985 to 1990, burning, cutting and grazing within the site was controlled and there were some signs of recovery of the forest and an increase in wildlife populations.

The natural ports of Ceel Macaan and Ceel Cadde which located in the district were the main gates for the incoming and out going goods of Somalia, likewise Cisiley airport during the decade and half, when Mogadishu air and seaport were closed.



  1. ^ "Need Assessment On Drought Made By SOPDDO in Middle Shabelle Region". SOPDDO Organization. 3–14 January 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2014.