Banded surili

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Banded surili[1]
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Presbytis
Species: P. femoralis
Binomial name
Presbytis femoralis
(Martin, 1838)
Banded Surili area.png
Banded Surili range

The banded surili (Presbytis femoralis), also known as the banded leaf monkey or banded langur, is a species of primate in the Cercopithecidae family. It is endemic to the Thai-Malay Peninsula and the Indonesia island of Sumatra.[2] It is threatened by habitat loss.[2] Three subspecies, femoralis (nominate), robinsoni and percura, are recognized here,[1] but the taxonomy is complex and disputed,[3] and it has also included P. natunae, P. siamensis and P. chrysomelas as subspecies, or alternatively all these (including P. femoralis) have been considered subspecies of P. melalophos.[1] It is diurnal and eats fruit.

In Singapore, the banded leaf monkey is critically endangered with a population of approximately 40 individuals left in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve.[4] The species was formerly found in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, but that population died out in 1987.[5] The last individual to live in Bukit Timah is now displayed at the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research.[5] The main threat to the Singapore population appears to be habitat loss.[6] The National Biodiversity Centre, in partnership with the Evolution Lab of the National University of Singapore, launched an ecological study to determine suitable conservation strategies.


  1. ^ a b c Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 171. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Nijman, V., Geissman, T. & Meijaard, E. (2008). Presbytis femoralis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  3. ^ Brandon-Jones, D., Eudey, A. A., Geissmann, T., Groves, C. P., Melnick, D. J., Morales, J. C., Shekelle, M. and Stewart, C.-B. 2004. Asian primate classification. International Journal of Primatology 25(1): 97-164.
  4. ^ "Ang Hui Fang’s Banded Leaf Monkey work in The Straits Times - The Biodiversity Crew @ NUS". The Biodiversity Crew @ NUS. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Hope remains for last monkeys". Singapore Press Holdings. April 8, 2002. Retrieved 2013-10-23. 
  6. ^ "Singapore Red Data Book 2008:Banded Leaf Monkey". National Parks Board. Retrieved 2013-10-23.