The Barbary Company or Marocco Company was a trading company established by Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1585 through a patent granted to the Earls of Warwick and Leicester, as well as forty others. When she wrote the patents, Elizabeth emphasized the value of the region's "divers Marchandize... for the use and defense" of England.
The privilege of the company was to benefit from exclusive trade for Morocco for a period of 12 years. Queen Elizabeth sent her Minister Roberts to the Moroccan emperor Ahmad al-Mansur to reside in Morocco and obtain advantages for English traders. A treaty signed in 1728 extended these privileges, especially those pertaining to the safe-conduct of English nationals.
- George Cawston, Augustus Henry Keane, The Early Chartered Companies (A.D. 1296-1858) The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2001 ISBN 1-58477-196-8