Barmah Forest virus
|Barmah Forest Virus|
|Structure of Barmah Forest virus by cryo-electron microscopy. |
|Group:||Group IV ((+)ssRNA)|
|Species:||Barmah Forest Virus|
Barmah Forest virus is an RNA virus in the Alphavirus genus. As of 2015, it has been found only in Australia. Although there is no specific treatment for infection with the Barmah Forest virus, the disease is non-fatal and most infected people recover. The virus was discovered in 1974 in mosquitoes in the Barmah Forest in northern Victoria.
The virus can only be transmitted to humans by bites from infected mosquitoes. Direct contact with an infected person or animal does not cause infection. The virus is hosted mainly by marsupials, especially possums, kangaroos and wallabies.
Symptoms include fever, malaise, rash, joint pain, and muscle tenderness. Fever and malaise generally disappear within a few days to a week, but other symptoms such as joint pain may continue for six months or longer.
- Kostyuchenko, V. A.; Jakana, J.; Liu, X.; Haddow, A. D.; Aung, M.; Weaver, S. C.; Chiu, W.; Lok, S. -M. (2011). "The Structure of Barmah Forest Virus as Revealed by Cryo-Electron Microscopy at a 6-Angstrom Resolution Has Detailed Transmembrane Protein Architecture and Interactions". Journal of Virology 85 (18): 9327–9333. doi:10.1128/JVI.05015-11. PMC 3165765. PMID 21752915.
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- Ross River and Barmah Forest viruses
- Queensland Public Health Services: Barmah Forest Virus (PDF)[dead link]
- Mozzies carrier of 'emerging virus'