From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Artist's depiction of a basajaun and its female companion, a basandere.

In Basque mythology, Basajaun (plural: basajaunak) is a huge, hairy hominid dwelling in the woods. They were thought to build megaliths, protect flocks of livestock, and teach skills such as agriculture and ironworking to humans.[1] Given the arrival of the first Basques (c. 80,000 BC) and the overlap of the then-indigenous humans, the Neanderthals (c. 600,000 years ago to 30,000 BC), some theories have arisen as to whether the Basajuanak stories originated out of proto-Basque interaction with the Neanderthals.


  1. ^ Lurker, Manfred (1987). The Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons. Routledge. p. 30. ISBN 0-415-34018-7. 


  • Vinson, Folklore du Pays Basque (1883), p. 43. J. M. of Barandiaran, Eusko-Folklore (1922); Basque Mythology (1960), pp. 75–76.