In Basque mythology, Basajaun (plural: basajaunak) is a huge, hairy creature dwelling in the woods who protects flocks of livestock and teaches skills such as agriculture and ironworking to humans. The Basques themselves are an ethnic group which primarily inhabits an area traditionally known as the Basque Country (Basque: Euskal Herria), a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France. Basajaunak, and other characters within the Basque mythology, largely did not survive the arrival of Christianity in the Basque Country between the 4th and 12th century AD.
- Lurker, Manfred (1987). The Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons. Routledge. p. 30. ISBN 0-415-34018-7.
- "Basque". Encyclopaedia Brittanica Kids. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
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- Totoricagüena, G. Identity, Culture, and Politics in the Basque Diaspora (2003) p.59 University of Nevada Press
- Vinson, Folklore du Pays Basque (1883), p. 43. J. M. of Barandiaran, Eusko-Folklore (1922); Basque Mythology (1960), pp. 75–76.