Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, 1942

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The 1942 election to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was the first conducted in three years. The Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from 20th century players and elected Rogers Hornsby.

This was the only election or committee meeting scheduled between 1939 and 1945. The only other activities were the special election of Lou Gehrig following his 1939 farewell and the prompt election of Commissioner Landis following his death late in 1944.

After the grand opening[edit]

After the National Baseball Museum opened in 1939, it remained to be determined how the membership in its Hall of Fame would be determined in the future. The Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA) had determined to vote every three years rather than annually, although it had voted in special election to consider Lou Gehrig. That move was a widely criticized, as observers generally agreed that it was a good pace to elect about three recent players annually, as from 1936 to 1939.

After the Centennial Committee made six selections in 1939 from the figures of the 19th century, baseball's Commissioner Landis completely revised the committee's membership, designating it the Hall of Fame Committee and establishing it as the institution's permanent governing body. From 1939 to 1944 its four members were Athletics owner and manager Connie Mack, Yankees president Ed Barrow, Braves president Bob Quinn, and sportswriter Sid Mercer. This committee was responsible, in its function as the Old-Timers Committee, for selecting additional worthy candidates from the 19th century, but it never convened during this 5-year period, and thereby selected no one. Inaction fostered greater complaints that the stars of the 1880s and 1890s were being ignored. The relative slight was tiny because the baseball writers voted only once between 1939 and 1945 and elected only one recent player.

The BBWAA election[edit]

Members of the BBWAA again had the authority to select any players active in the 20th century, provided they had been retired for one year. Voters were instructed to cast votes for 10 candidates; any candidate receiving votes on at least 75% of the ballots would be honored with induction to the Hall.

A total of 233 ballots were cast, with 2,328 individual votes for 72 specific candidates, an average of 9.99 per ballot; 175 votes were required for election. Players of the 1900s and 1910s, who many voters felt should be given priority, dominated the voting to an even greater extent than they had in 1939. Of the top 22 candidates in the voting, 17 had not seen any substantial play since 1917; only 3 of the top 32 had played their final season anytime between 1918 and 1933. Players who had been retired over 24 years - 42 of the 72 named - received 66% of the votes. The results were announced in January 1942. The sole candidate who received at least 75% of the vote and was elected is indicated in bold italics; candidates who have since been selected in subsequent elections are indicated in italics:

Key to colors
     Elected to the Hall. These individuals are also indicated in bold italics.
     Players who were elected in future elections. These individuals are also indicated in plain italics.
Players Votes Percent
Rogers Hornsby 182 78.1
Frank Chance 136 58.4
Rube Waddell 126 54.1
Ed Walsh 113 48.5
Miller Huggins 111 47.6
Ed Delahanty 104 44.6
Johnny Evers 91 39.1
Wilbert Robinson 89 38.2
Mickey Cochrane 88 37.8
Frankie Frisch 84 36.1
Hugh Duffy 77 33.0
Herb Pennock 72 30.9
Clark Griffith 71 30.5
Jimmy Collins 68 29.2
Rabbit Maranville 66 28.3
Hughie Jennings 64 27.5
Mordecai Brown 63 27.0
Eddie Plank 63 27.0
Joe McGinnity 59 25.3
Fred Clarke 58 24.9
Roger Bresnahan 57 24.5
Chief Bender 55 23.6
Ray Schalk 53 22.7
Pie Traynor 45 19.3
Ross Youngs 44 18.9
Frank Baker 39 16.7
Dazzy Vance 37 15.9
Bill Terry 36 15.5
Joe Tinker 36 15.5
Addie Joss 33 14.2
Johnny Kling 15 6.4
Nap Rucker 15 6.4
Babe Adams 11 4.7
Hank Gowdy 8 3.4
Kid Nichols 5 2.1
Jesse Burkett 4 1.7
Harry Heilmann 4 1.7
Eddie Grant 3 1.3
Branch Rickey 3 1.3
Zack Wheat 3 1.3
Donie Bush 2 0.9
Sam Crawford 2 0.9
Pepper Martin 2 0.9
Roger Peckinpaugh 2 0.9
Bobby Wallace 2 0.9
Ginger Beaumont 1 0.4
Jake Beckley 1 0.4
Joe Boley 1 0.4
Bill Bradley 1 0.4
Lave Cross 1 0.4
Bill Dinneen 1 0.4
Jack Dunn 1 0.4
Kid Elberfeld 1 0.4
Red Faber 1 0.4
Billy Hamilton 1 0.4
Babe Herman 1 0.4
Waite Hoyt 1 0.4
Joe Kelley 1 0.4
Dickie Kerr 1 0.4
Arlie Latham 1 0.4
Bobby Lowe 1 0.4
Sherry Magee 1 0.4
Deacon Phillippe 1 0.4
Edd Roush 1 0.4
Amos Rusie 1 0.4
Germany Schaefer 1 0.4
Everett Scott 1 0.4
Harry Steinfeldt 1 0.4
Fred Tenney 1 0.4
Bill Wambsganss 1 0.4
Hack Wilson 1 0.4
Smoky Joe Wood 1 0.4

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