Batih massacre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Massacre of Poles at Batih in 1652
Massacre of Polish captives after the battle of Batoh 1652.jpg
Khmelnytsky's massacre of Polish prisoners of war tied up after the battle of Batoh (Batih) in 1652
Date 3–4 June 1652
Location Batih Hill near Ladyzhyn (today Ukraine)
Cause Two days of beheadings and disembowelments.[1]
Casualties
8,000[1] to 8,500[2] dead.

The Batih massacre (Polish: Rzeź polskich jeńców pod Batohem) also known as the Sarmatian Katyń[3] was a mass execution of Polish captives after the Battle of Batih on 3–4 June 1652 near Ladyzhyn (now in Ukraine). It was carried out by Cossacks aided by Tatars on the order of Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky,[4] who paid Nuradyn Sultan 50,000 thalers for the right to do it.[1]

Around 8,000[1] to 8,500[2] Polish elite soldiers and officers including 3,500 members of szlachta[2] have been tied up and massacred in two days of methodical beheadings and disembowelments.[1] The number of survivors of the pogrom is unknown.[2]

Among the most notable victims were: Crown Great Quartermaster Samuel Kalinowski the son of Hetman Marcin Kalinowski, General of the Artillery Zygmunt Przyjemski, Castelan of Czernihów Jan Odrzywolski and magnate Marek Sobieski, brother of later King Jan III Sobieski.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Hanna Widacka (2013). "Rzeź polskich jeńców pod Batohem" [Slaugher of Polish prisoners of war at Batih]. Historie makabryczne (Historical macabres) (in Polish). Muzeum Pałacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie (Palace Museum in Wilanów). Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Bitwa pod Batohem" at Kurier Galicyjski.com 4 June 2012 (Polish)
  3. ^ http://www.kresy.pl/kresopedia,historia,rzeczpospolita?zobacz/batoh-sarmacki-katyn
  4. ^ Hrushevsky, M., 2004, History of Ukraine-Rus, Volume Nine, Book One, The Cossack Age, 1650-1653, Toronto: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, ISBN 1895571227, p. 477

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wojciech Jacek Długołęcki: Batoh 1652. Warszawa: Bellona, 2008, seria: HB. ISBN 83-11-08402-5.
  • Tomasz Ciesielski: Od Batohu do Żwańca. Wojna na Ukrainie i w księstwach naddunajskich 1652-1653. Warszawa: „Inforteditions”, 2008. ISBN 978-83-89943-23-1.