Battle of Maciejowice

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Battle of Maciejowice
Part of the Kościuszko Uprising
POL Maciejowice battle.jpg
Date 10 October 1794
Location Maciejowice
Result Russian-Prussian victory
Belligerents
Banner of Kosciuszko Uprising flat.PNG Poland Russia Russian Empire
Kingdom of Prussia Prussian Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Banner of Kosciuszko Uprising flat.PNG Tadeusz Kościuszko RussiaAlexander Suvorov
Strength
7,000[1]:194 14,000[1]:194
Casualties and losses
4,000[1]:208
A memorial of the battle near Podzamcze

The Battle of Maciejowice was fought on October 10, 1794, between Poland and the Russian Empire.

The Poles were led by Tadeusz Kościuszko. Kościuszko with 6,200 men, who planned to prevent the linking of two larger Russian armies, those of Iwan Fersen and Alexander Suvorov. He requested the support of Adam Poniński (who had 4,000 soldiers), but Poniński failed to arrive on the battlefield in time.[1]:205

Battle[edit]

Kosciuszko had spent the night in the abandoned manor home of the Zamoyskis with his army in the field in front flanked by woods, with a river behind the house.[1]:206 Fersen attacked the next morning, when the Poles burned the village on their left flank to prevent it being used as cover.[1]:207 Initially, the Russian advance was slowed by the mud but after three hours, the Poles ran out of ammunition for their cannons.[1]:207 The Russian infantry then made a bayonet charge and slaughtered the Poles for the next three hours.[1]:208

After having three horses shot out from underneath him, Kosciuszko finally tried leaving the battlefield, but his horse tripped. [1]:208 A Cossack stabbed him with a pike from behind, followed by a second Cossack who stabbed him in the left hip.[1]:208 Attempting to take his own life, Kosciuszko found his pistol empty, and then passed out in the mud.[1]:208 He was stripped by the Cossacks and later taken prisoner.[1]:208

Aftermath[edit]

Koscieszko was taken to St. Petersburg by General Alexei Khrushchev and two thousand Russian soldiers.[1]:210 The news of the fall of Warsaw reached him on 17 Nov.[1]:211

Reference[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Storozynski, A., 2009, The Peasant Prince, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 9780312388027

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°42′22″N 21°36′17″E / 51.70624°N 21.60479°E / 51.70624; 21.60479