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Bayaguana is located in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°45′N 69°38′W / 18.750°N 69.633°W / 18.750; -69.633Coordinates: 18°45′N 69°38′W / 18.750°N 69.633°W / 18.750; -69.633
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Monte Plata
Founded 1606
 • Total 877.99 km2 (338.99 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 34,786
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Urban 19,001
 • Rural 15,785
Municipal Districts 0
Distance to
 – Monte Plata

21 km

Bayaguana is a municipality (municipio) of the Monte Plata province in the Dominican Republic.[3]

As of the Dominican Republic's 2002 census, the municipality had a total population of 34,786 inhabitants, of which 19,001 resided in urban areas and 15,785 in rural areas.

Bayaguana was founded in 1606, when Spain resettled colonists from the northern and western part of Hispaniola closer to Santo Domingo. Spanish colonists from La Yaguana and Bayajá (present-day Port-au-Prince and Fort-Liberté, Haiti) were resettled in the town. The economy is centered on cattle-ranching and pineapple and rice farming.


  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ "Listado de Codigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Actualizada a Junio 20 del 2006" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadistica, Departamento de Cartografia, Division de Limites y Linderos. 20 June 2006. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2011.