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A scence from a Bhaona

Bhaona (Assamese: ভাওনা) is a traditional form of entertainment, always with religious messages, prevalent is Assam, India. It is a creation of Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankardeva, written in the early sixteenth century. He created the form to convey religious messages to villagers through entertainment. Later Srimanta Madhavdeva also write some plays.[1][2] The plays of bhaona is popularly known as Ankiya Nats and their staging is known as bhaona.[3] The bhaona generally staged at satras and namghars in Assam. There are some special characteristics of Bhaona like the plays, dialogues, costumes, ornaments, entry and foot-steps of the characters. These characteristics helps to differentiate Bhaona from other plays.

Street Play(Bhowna)

The bhaonas are written in the Assamese and Brajavali languages.[3]

Different characters[edit]

  • Sutradhar or Sutradhari: He is an integral part of bhaona; he recites slokas, sings, dances and explains in prose what is what at every stage of Bhaona.[4]
  • Bhaoriya : The actors performing characters as per script.
  • Gayan : The singers.[3]
  • Bayan : They plays khol, Taal etc. from the beginning to the end of bhaona.

Types of Bhaona[edit]


  1. ^ Bhaona,, Retrieved: 2013-02-28.
  2. ^ "Today's Paper / NATIONAL : Assam's traditional Ankiya Bhaona to get new lease of life". The Hindu. 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bhaona _ Traditional form of assamese entertainment". Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  4. ^ "Assam- Arts- Classical Dance in Assam, Bhaona- Dances in Assam- Assamese dances". Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  5. ^ "Mukha Bhaona - Shivasagar Natya Vidyalaya". Retrieved 2013-02-28. 

External links[edit]