Bhaun

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Bhaun
Bhaun is located in Pakistan
Bhaun
Bhaun
Coordinates: 30°07′N 71°16′E / 30.12°N 71.27°E / 30.12; 71.27
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
[1]

Bhaun is a town in Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan 12 kilometres away from the district capital Chakwal.[2] In 2007 Pakistan Railways announced the resumption of the Bhaun to Chakwal service.[2] However, no progress has been made to this effect as of February 2009. The importance of resumption of this service and extending it to salt range in Kallar Kahar area will bring significant commercial advantages for the region as the cement factories in the area can use rail for their merchandise. The population in 2006 was estimated to be over 35,000.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Multan region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Dera Ghazi Khan District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Dera Ghazi Khan district increased in population and importance.

Marble Plate in Primary School In Bhaun.jpg
Mosque and Temple in Bhaun.jpg
Railway station

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Chakwal District.

Location[edit]

Bhaun is situated between Chakwal and Kallar Kahar. The road connecting Chakwal and Kallar Kahar passes through it. Bhaun lies in the Tehsil Kallar Kahar and in the District Chakwal. It is amongst the most populous and developing villages in District Chakwal. Chakwal district borders the districts of Rawalpindi and Attock in the north, Jhelum in the east, Khushab in the south and Mianwali in the west. The total area of Chakwal district is 6,609 square kilometres, which is equivalent to 1,652,443 acres (6,687.20 km2).

Agriculture[edit]

The land of village is fertile and has mild weather and temperature conditions. The major crops which are grown there are Wheat, Jowar, Bajra, Gram and Mustard etc.

Health[edit]

The Elementary health unit was established about 100 years ago by the British Government. That building, nowadays, is being used as Union Council Office and the basic health unit (Primary health care) is shifted to new building on railway road near Dak Banglo.[citation needed]

Lady Doctor Colonel (R) Azra is a remarkable doctor from the village, has served in Pak Army as a gynaecologist and running her own hospital in Rawalpindi.

Education[edit]

  • Fauji Foundation School Bhaun "Fauji Foundation education system aims to provide quality education to the children of ex armed forces personnel as well as civilians, Fauji Foundation School Bhaun providing quality education in the local community.

CMG Girls College is the most prominent educational institution in village Bhaun which is an opportunity for the girls of village to achieve higher education up to degree level at their doorstep. This College is being supervised by Ch. Asif Ali Khan.

  • There are two Higher Secondary Schools, one for boys and other for girls. Before the independence of Pakistan in 1947, there were also two High Schools, Sanatum Dharum Middle School and Khalsa primary School, both for boys.
  • Alnoor Scholar Academy Bhaun. This institution is administered by Tassawar Hussain Khokhar M.SC. Mass Com (AIOU) .
  • Community Model Boys Higher Secondary School Bhaun institution was established in 2002. It is an evening shift school for higher secondary classes. Masood Anwar Khokhar M.Sc. M.Ed. is a principal.
  • Shaheen Computer College Bhaun. This institution always provide friendly environment to the students.

Employment and professions[edit]

Due to limited local opportunities, majority of the professionals and educated young people are employed in larger cities and range from professions in health care, law, IT, tel other government and private sector industries. There is a significantcousin.

British civil servant[edit]

Mr. Abdul Ghaffar Minhas was the first person from Bhaun who worked as a Civil Servant in the British Government during the 1970s and 1980s. He is now retired in the UK.

Law[edit]

Raja Inayat Ullah Director Anti corruption, Raja Jaffar Hussain Kiani, Chaudary Mazhar Hussian Minhas and Chaudhary Ameer Muhammad Khan are respected members of Pakistan's judiciary. In services matter the name of Raja Jaffar Hussain Kiyani is very prominent in Rawalpindi & Islamabad. Mohammad Iqbal Minhas (late) retired as Additional commissioner of Rawalpindi. Chaudhry Gulam Abbas Khokhar (late) is a famous lawyer of Pakistan Shariat Court and Chairman of student union of Pakistan Shariat Law Academy in 1992.

Raja Inayat Ullah is a very popular lawyer of Bhaun.He is a 19 grade officer

Politics[edit]

Raja Nazar Hussain Kiyani(late) was the only figure of this village who was elected to a national and provisional assembly seat and he was with Pakistan people's party(PPP). He acted as Chief Whip of National Assembly. One of his contributions to the village is approval of adjacent village connecting roads and connection of village to the national Sui Gas grid.

Police force[edit]

Late Malik Sadiq Hussain (DSP) joined Police Service during the British Era in the Subcontinent and was the first person from Bhaun to reach the position of DSP.He received Medal & Certificates from Queen Elizabeth-II for his excellent performance.

BHAUN includes great men who showed their great responsibilities for nation they includeDSP.CH GHULAM ABBAS(late),and his elder son SHO.CH RIFFAT ABBAS(late) also followed the same path of his father and spend his great time in Punjab police, RAJA Hayat Muhammad Kiani and his brother Raja Ghullam Muhammad Kiani was a great man of dignity, Malik Ameer Ahmed Awan of Mohallah Maidan (D.S.P) Faisalabad.

Punjab prisons police[edit]

Bhaun have not too much representation in this department.

Pioneers of cultural change[edit]

Bhaun got few people who contributed in many good works and helped the poor people by providing facilities like education and social sport. Syed Khalid mehmood shah is a big name who really helped the poor people of Bhaun and represented the Bhaun in many big events and forums.

References[edit]

A book "Tarek Bhaun aur Shaeed-e-Watan" by Ch Yasar Abbas Khokhar

Coordinates: 32°52′0″N 72°45′0″E / 32.86667°N 72.75000°E / 32.86667; 72.75000