Black hawk-eagle

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Black hawk-eagle
Black Hawk-Eagle.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Accipitridae
Genus: Spizaetus
Species: S. tyrannus
Binomial name
Spizaetus tyrannus
(Wied, 1820)

The black hawk-eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus), also known as the tyrant hawk-eagle,[2] is a species of eagle found from central Mexico to eastern Peru, the south of Brazil, and far northern Argentina.[3] Its preferred habitats include humid and moist forests close to rivers, and several types of woodland.[4] It is uncommon to fairly common throughout most of its range. Its closest relative is the ornate hawk-eagle, which is similar in size, appearance and behavior but lives at lower elevations.

Description[edit]

The black hawk-eagle is 58–70 cm (23–28 in) long and weighs about 900-1,300 grams (2-2.9 lbs). has black plumage with varying patterns on its wings and body, and white speckling in places. It has barred wings, slightly elliptical in shape, and a long, narrow tail which is rarely fanned. The four grey bars on the tail are distinctive to the black hawk-eagle, as is the white line seen slightly above the bird's eye. While flying, the broadness and shortness of the wings become apparent.[5] While in flight, the bird's tail is typically kept closed.[3][4]

Diet[edit]

Black hawk-eagles often eat animals as large as toucans (here a keel-billed toucan).

Though light and small compared to other eagles, this bird is a powerful predator that frequently hunts relatively large prey. It mainly eats large rodents, opossums and monkeys, as well as, occasionally, bats and birds. Its popular name in Brazil is "Gavião-pega-macaco", which means "monkey-catching hawk". The birds it takes can be quite large, such as toucans,and chachalacas.[4] The dietary habits of the black hawk-eagle, however, remain largely unknown, with no known comprehensive list of prey species.[3]

Breeding[edit]

Like its diet, the black hawk-eagle's breeding behaviour is little known other than some details relating to its nest: composed of sticks and possibly other materials, the nest is around one metre and a half in total diameter and is usually constructed in tall trees, often around fifteen metres high. The variety of tree chosen probably varies greatly, but they have been observed chiefly in pine trees.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Spizaetus tyrannus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Tyrant Hawk-eagle Retrieved on 14 August 2007
  3. ^ a b c d "Black Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus tyrannus". Retrieved 14 August 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c "Black Hawk-Eagle". Retrieved 14 August 2007. 
  5. ^ Birds of Venezuela by Steve Hilty. Princeton University Press, 2003