Blackfoot Glacier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Blackfoot Glacier
Blackfoot and Jackson Glaciers.jpg
Blackfoot Glacier at left was once joined to Jackson Glacier on the right
Map showing the location of Blackfoot Glacier
Map showing the location of Blackfoot Glacier
Blackfoot Glacier
Glacier National Park, Glacier County, Montana, USA
Type Mountain glacier
Coordinates 48°35′40″N 113°40′12″W / 48.59444°N 113.67000°W / 48.59444; -113.67000Coordinates: 48°35′40″N 113°40′12″W / 48.59444°N 113.67000°W / 48.59444; -113.67000[1]
Area 441 acres (1.78 km2) in 2005[2]
Length 1 mile (1.6 km)
Terminus Moraine
Status Retreating

Blackfoot Glacier is the second largest of the remaining 25 glaciers in Glacier National Park, Montana. Blackfoot Glacier is just to the north of Blackfoot Mountain and near Jackson Glacier.[2][3] The glacier was most recently measured in 2005 at 441 acres (1.78 km2), yet when first documented in 1850, the glacier also included the now separate Jackson Glacier and together, they covered 1,875 acres (7.59 km2). In 1850, there were an estimated 150 glaciers in the park. Glaciologists have stated that by the year 2030, all the glaciers in the park may disappear.[4] However, under a modest increase in overall carbon dioxide levels, some glaciers will remain until the late 23rd century.[4]

Jackson and Blackfoot glaciers have been selected for monitoring by the U.S. Geological Survey's Glacier Monitoring Research program, which is researching changes to the mass balance of glaciers in and surrounding Glacier National Park. The glacier is being monitored using remote sensing equipment and repeat photography, where images of the glacier are taken from identical locations periodically.[5] Between 1966 and 2005, Blackfoot Glacier lost over 23 percent of its surface area.[2] In the summer of 2007, a portion of Blackfoot Glacier broke off and formed an ice avalanche.[6]

Images of Blackfoot Glacier
Blackfoot Glacier, 1917 
The upper image shows how Blackfoot (on the left) and Jackson Glaciers (on the right) appeared in 1914. The lower image is taken from the same vantage point in 2001 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Blackfoot Glacier". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  2. ^ a b c "Retreat of Glaciers in Glacier National Park" (pdf). United States Geological Survey. 2010. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  3. ^ TopoQwest (United States Geological Survey Maps). Mount Jackson, MT (Map). http://www.topoquest.com/map.php?lat=48.59024&lon=-113.66512&datum=nad83&zoom=4. Retrieved 2013-02-09.
  4. ^ a b Hall, Myrna H.P.; Daniel B. Fagre (February 2003). "Modeled Climate-Induced Glacier Change in Glacier National Park, 1850–2100" (PDF). Bioscience 53 (2): 131–140. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  5. ^ "Monitoring and Assessing Glacier Changes and Their Associated Hydrologic and Ecologic Effects in Glacier National Park". Glacier Monitoring Studies. U.S. Geological Survey. 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  6. ^ Fagre, Dan; Lisa McKeon. "Losing a Legacy: A photographic story of disappearing glaciers". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-02-09.