Bobov (Hasidic dynasty)

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Bobov, (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is an Hasidic group within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia in Southern Poland and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York. Bobov has branches in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn; Monsey, New York; Los Angeles; Miami; Montreal; Toronto; Antwerp and London. In Israel, Bobov has large branches in Jerusalem, Bnei Brak, Ashdod, the settlement of Betar Illit and an enclave Kiryath Bobov in Bat Yam.

Outline of Bobov's Hasidic rabbinical lineage[edit]

Grand Rabbi
Yisroel ben Eliezer
Baal Shem Tov
(1698–1760)
founder of Hasidism
 
Grand Rabbi
Dov Ber
(1710–1772)
the Maggid of Mezritch
 
Grand Rabbi
Elimelech of Lizhensk
(1717–1786)
author of Noam Elimelech
 
Grand Rabbi
Naftali Tzvi Horowitz of Ropshitz
(1760–1827)
author of Zera Kodesh
 
Grand Rabbi
Chaim Halberstam of Sanz

(1793–1876)
author of Divrei Chaim
 
Rabbi
Myer Noson Halberstam

(1827–1855)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Grand Rabbi
Shlomo Halberstam

(1907–2000)
Third Bobover Rebbe
 
4. Grand Rabbi
Naftali Tzvi Halberstam

(1931–2005)
Fourth Bobover Rebbe
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Grand Rabbi
Shlomo Halberstam

(1847–1905)
First Bobover Rebbe
author of Ateres Shlomo
eldest grandson of the Divrei Chaim
 
2. Grand Rabbi
Ben Zion Halberstam

(1874–1941)
Second Bobover Rebbe
author of Kedushas Tzion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Grand Rabbi
Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam

(b. 1955)
Fifth Bobover Rebbe
 
 
Grand Rabbi
Mordechai Dovid Unger
(b. 1954)
45 Bobov Rebbe
 
 
Rabbi Yosef Unger
Ruv of Beth Midrash Apirion Shel Shlome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
Female Rubin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Chaim Yaakov Tauber
Bobov Dayan
 
5. Rabbi Yehoshua Rubin (born 1952)
Bobov45 Ruv]
 
 
Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Rabinovich
present Ruv of the Bobover Shul in Monsey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female Rubin
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teacher → Student
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Rabbi
Yonasan Binyamin Goldberger
Rebbe of Bikofsk & present Rosh Hakolel of Bobov
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Meyer Yosef Eichenstein
Present Rosh Hakolel
 
 
 
 
Father → Son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Husband ↔ Wife
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Ben Zion Blum
Bobover Dayan of London
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Yaakov Yisroel Meisles
Bobover Ruv of Kiryath Bobov in Bat Yam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Female Halberstam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Boruch Avraham Horowitz
present Rosh Yeshiva of Mesivta Eitz Chaim of Bobov
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Baruch Dovid Halberstam
Sorvosher Ruv
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rabbi Chaim Yehoshua Halberstam
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Rabbi
Yaakov Yosef Halberstam
Ruv of Beis Chaim Yehoshua
 
Grand Rabbi Chaim Yehoshua Halberstam
Grand Rebbe of Satmar in Monsey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Rabbi Yechiel Halberstam
Pokshivnitzer Rebbe of Monsey, NY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Rabbi Yechezkel Dovid Halberstam
Pokshivnitzer Rebbe
 
 
Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam
Pokshivnitzer Rebbe of Flatbush
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Rabbi Ben Zion Avraham Halberstam
Pokshivnitzer Rebbe of Flatbush
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Rabbi Shloime Halberstam
Pokshivnitzer Rebbe of Lakewood, New Jersey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

History[edit]

First Rebbe of Bobov[edit]

Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam, the first Bobover Rebbe

Bobov originated with Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam in the Galician village of Bobowa, where the bulk of his Hasidim were originally followers of his grandfather, Rabbi Chaim of Sanz (the author of Divrei Chaim).

While most of the early yeshivos ("Talmudical academies") originated in Lithuania, the 19th century saw the opening of similar institutions in Poland. The first yeshiva in Poland was established by the first Bobover Rebbe in 1881 in Vishnitsa where he was rabbi then; and it later moved with him to Bobov.

Second rebbe of Bobov[edit]

His work was continued by his son, Grand Rabbi Ben Zion Halberstam, author of Kedushas Tzion. The Bobov Yeshiva was originally situated only in the town of Bobov itself. However, under his guidance the Chasidus grew in numbers, with Hasidic youth flocking to Bobov. Subsequently as many as sixty branches of the Yeshiva under the name "Eitz Chaim" were established throughout Galicia.

During World War II the Bobov Hasidic movement was destroyed, the Second Rebbe himself perishing in the Holocaust together with thousands of his followers.

Third Rebbe of Bobov[edit]

Barely 300 chasidim survived, and the Rebbe's son Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam took it upon himself to rebuild Bobov. He first settled in the West Side of Manhattan; later moving to Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn, The Yeshiva was located on the west side of Brooklyn Avenue between Bergen and Dean Streets; it later moved to Borough Park. Rabbi Shlomo was known as a very wise man and a Gaon in Midos (Giant in good manners/attributes) and a true gentleman. He was noted for his steadfastness in not taking sides in disputes. This brought him great popularity and respect.

Over the more than fifty years that Rabbi Shlomo was Rebbe of Bobov; he founded and built a vast network of synagogues, chasidic schools for boys and girls (yeshivas), high schools (mesivtas) and post high school houses of learning. Besides schools, a summer camp for boys was founded in 1957 in the Catskills' Ferndale, NY. These institutions span the globe. At the time of his death in August 2000, he was mourned by more followers than his father had in pre-War Poland. His Hebrew date of death was the first of Av the same as that of Aaron the Biblical High Priest (Numbers 33:38), which was noted by many (and mentioned at the funeral by his son Rabbi Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam) for their similar characteristics of "loving peace" (Oheiv Sholom Veroidef Sholom - Loved peace and pursued peace) (Pirkei Ovos 1:12).

Fourth rebbe of Bobov[edit]

With Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam's passing, his older son Rabbi Naftali Zvi Halberstam was crowned as his successor and his younger son Rabbi Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam was appointed as Rav Hatzuir (Junior Ruv). Rabbi Naftali Zvi died on March 23, 2005 (12 days in Adar, 5765) at age seventy-four leaving a wife, two daughters and two sons in-law; Rabbi Yehoshua Rubin and Rabbi Mordechai Dovid Unger; as well as his brother and sisters.

Bobov today[edit]

With the passing of the 4th Bobover rebbe zt"l a dispute erupted between Bobover chasidim on whom to accept as spiritual successor. The bobover dayen crowned his brother in law Grand Rebbe r' Benzion Aryah Leibish Halberstam (half brother of the late Bobover Rebbe zt"l and son of the third Bobover Rebbe zt"l) as Bobover rebbi while a significant amount of Bobover Chasidim crowned Grand Rebbi r'Mordchei Dovid Unger,and Grand rabbi Shia Rubin the late Bobover Rebbe zt"l sons in law as Bobover Rebbe and Ruv. Secular court as well as lihavdil Beis din are/were involved on how to split the monetary assets of the Bobover court and about legal name issues.

Important Bobover literature[edit]

In addition to those books revered by all Hasidim, the Bobover Hasidim particularly treasure "Ateres Sholmo" Torah insights of the first Bobover Rebbi zt"l, Kedushas Tzion written by the second Bobover Rebbe (published by the third Bobover Rebbe) and Kerem Shlomo written by the third Bobover Rebbe. "Dibroes Kodesh" and "Imrie Kodesh" were also published which contain sermons given by the current Bobover Rebbis