Boinae

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Boinae
Boa constrictor (2).jpg
Boa constrictor, Boa constrictor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Boinae
Gray, 1825
Synonyms
  • Boina - Gray, 1825
  • Aproterodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Boaeides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Boinae - Boulenger, 1890[1]

The Boinae are a subfamily of boas found in Central and South America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Five genera comprising 28 species are currently recognized.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

Found in Central and South America, Africa, Reunion Island, Mauritius, the Maluku Islands and New Guinea.[1]

Genera[edit]

Sub-family Boinae -- 5 genera
Genus[2] Taxon author[2] Species[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name[2] Geographic range[1]
BoaT Linnaeus, 1758 1 9 Boas Mexico, Central America, South America, and on Reunion Island.
Candoia Gray, 1842 4 2 Bevel-nosed boas from Samoa and Tokelau west through Melanesia to New Guinea and the Maluku Islands.
Corallus Daudin, 1803 7 2 Neotropical tree boas Central America, South America and the West Indies. In Central America they occur in Honduras, eastern Guatemala through Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Its range in South America includes Pacific Colombia and Ecuador, as well as the Amazon Basin from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia through Brazil to Venezuela, Isla Margarita, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. In the West Indies it is found on St. Vincent, the Grenadines (Bequia Island, Ile Quatre, Baliceaux, Mustique, Canouan, Maryeau, Union Island, Petit Martinique and Carriacou), Grenada and the Windward Islands (Lesser Antilles).
Epicrates Wagler, 1830 10 21 Rainbow boas Lower Central America through South America as far south as Argentina, as well as in the West Indies.
Eunectes Wagler, 1830 4 1 Anacondas Tropical South America from Colombia and Venezuela south to Argentina.

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type genus.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

The genera Acrantophis and Sanzinia were erroneously synonymized with the genus Boa by Kluge in 1991.[3] These have now been transferred to the resurrected subfamily Sanziniinae.[4][5] The genus Candoia has similarly been transferred to its own subfamily, Candoiinae.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Boinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  3. ^ Kluge, A.G. (1991). "Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles". Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan 178. 
  4. ^ Reynolds, R.G.; Niemiller, M.L.; Revell, L.J. (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 201–213. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.011. PMID 24315866. 
  5. ^ a b Pyron, R.A.; Burbrink, F.T.; Wiens, J.J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 1–53. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Kluge AG. 1991. Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles. Misc. Pub. Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan No. 178. PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 8 July 2008.

External links[edit]