Boinae are a subfamily of boas found in Central and South America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Five genera comprising 28 species are currently recognized. [2 ]
Geographic range [ edit ]
Central and South America, Africa, Reunion Island, Mauritius, the Maluku Islands and New Guinea. [1 ]
Boinae -- 5 genera
[2 ] Taxon author
[2 ] Species
[2 ] Subsp.*
[2 ] Common name
[2 ] Geographic range
Linnaeus, 1758 4
Mexico, Central America, South America, and on Reunion Island.
Gray, 1842 4
Samoa and Tokelau west through Melanesia to New Guinea and the Maluku Islands.
Daudin, 1803 7
Neotropical tree boas
Central America, South America and the
West Indies. In Central America they occur in Honduras, eastern Guatemala through Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Its range in South America includes Pacific Colombia and Ecuador, as well as the Amazon Basin from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia through Brazil to Venezuela, Isla Margarita, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. In the West Indies it is found on St. Vincent, the Grenadines (Bequia Island, Ile Quatre, Baliceaux, Mustique, Canouan, Maryeau, Union Island, Petit Martinique and Carriacou), Grenada and the Windward Islands ( Lesser Antilles).
Wagler, 1830 10
Lower Central America through South America as far south as
Argentina, as well as in the West Indies.
Eunectes Wagler, 1830
Tropical South America from Colombia and Venezuela south to Argentina.
*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
) T Type genus. [1 ]
Taxonomy [ edit ]
Acrantophis and Sanzinia were erroneously synonymized with the genus by Kluge in 1991. Boa These have now been transferred to the resurrected subfamily [3 ] Sanziniinae. [4 ] [5 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
^ a b c d e f "Boinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved 8 July 2008.
^ Kluge. 178.
^ Reynolds, R.G.; Niemiller, M.L., Revell, L.J. (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 201–213.
^ Pyron, R.A.; Burbrink, F.T., Wiens, J.J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 1–53.
Further reading [ edit ]
Kluge AG. 1991. Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles. Misc. Pub. Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan No. 178.
PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 8 July 2008.
External links [ edit ]