Bombacoideae

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Bombacoideae
Ceiba pentandra cortex hg.jpg
Cortex of Ceiba pentandra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Burnett, 1835
Genera

See text.

Bombacoideae is a subfamily of the mallow family, Malvaceae. It contains herbaceous and woody plants. Their leaves are alternate, commonly palmately lobed, with small and caducous stipules. Flowers are hermaphroditic and actinomorphic; the calyx has 5 sepals united at the base, accompanied frequently by an epicalyx (involucel). The corolla has 5 free petals and an androecium of numerous stamens, typically with filaments fused in a staminal tube (column) that surrounds the styles. The pollen is smooth and the ovary superior and pluricarpellate. Fruits are schizocarpous or capsular.

Genera[edit]

Classification[edit]

Some taxa in this subfamily were previously grouped under the now-obsolete family Bombacaceae as recent phylogenetic research has shown that Bombacaceae as traditionally circumscribed (including tribe Durioneae) is not a monophyletic group. Camptostemon and Pentaplaris might more appropriately be placed in Malvoideae as might the tribe Matisieae (Matisia, Phragmotheca and Quararibea).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GRIN Genera of Malvaceae subfam. Bombacoideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Bombacoideae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Bombacoideae at Wikispecies